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DENR ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER No. 48

Protection and Conservation of Philippine Wild Birds, Mammals, and Reptiles

September 13, 1991

Subject: Establishment of a National List of Rare(R), Endangered(E), Threatened(T), Vulnerable(V), Indeterminate(I), and Insufficiently Known (K) species of Philippine Wild Birds, Mammals, and Reptiles.

 

Pursuant to the provisions of Act. No. 2590 as amended, Article IV of P.D. 1152, Section 7 of Executive Order No. 192 and other existing wildlife laws, rules and regulations, and in support of the covenants of the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), the species of Philippine wild birds, mammals, and reptiles listed herein are hereby adopted and established as species of priority concern for protection and conservation.

Section 1. Definition of Terms. The following terms, as used in this Order shall be construed to mean as follows:

1.1 Rare (R) -- species and subspecies of wildlife found only in one particular area or only in a few areas in the Philippines in very highly specialized habitat types but occur only in very small numbers and are therefore, seldom met with, even within their preferred habitat types. Their populations are not at present endangered or vulnerable but are at risk;

1.2 Endangered (E) -- species and subspecies of wildlife whose populations are in danger of extinction and whose survival is unlikely if the causal factors continue operating;

1.3 Threatened (T) -- species and subspecies of wildlife whose population throughout the islands where they are found have suffered high degree of depletion to the point of having their numbers reduced to the minimum, below which, said species or subspecies will totally become extinct;

1.4 Vulnerable (V) -- species and subspecies of wildlife whose populations are still sizeable but are under threat from serious adverse factors throughout their range and are believed likely to move to the endangered category in the near future;

1.5 Indeterminate (I) -- species and subspecies of wildlife whose populations are suspected of belonging to either one of the E, V &R categories but for which insufficient information is currently available to determine definite status;

1.6 Insufficiently known (K) -- species and subspecies of wildlife that are suspected but not definitely known to belong to any of the above categories because of the lack of information;

1.7 CITES Appendix I (I) -- trade of species and subspecies of wildlife listed under this Appendix is strictly prohibited except for educational, scientific or research and study purposes;

1.8 CITES Appendix II (II) -- trade of species and subspecies of wildlife listed under this Appendix is strictly regulated;

1.9 CITES Appendix III (III) -- populations of species and subspecies of wildlife listed under this Appendix highly need local protection set under national policies as determined by the country's CITES Management Authority;

1.10. Collection -- refers to trapping, hunting, taking, amassing, gathering, and/or owning through any mode of acquisition any species of wildlife listed herein.

Section 2. National List. The species and subspecies of Philippine Wild Birds, Mammals and Reptiles listed in ANNEX A hereof are hereby adopted and established declared as priority concern for conservation and protection.

Section 3. Establishment of a Common or Local Name of Species. The RED concerned are further instructed to cause the immediate preparation and publication of the equivalent local or common names for each of the species provided foe in Section 2 hereof existing within their respective areas of jurisdiction in order to enhance further dissemination of there information.

Section 4. Illegal Acts. It shall be unlawful for any person, groups or entity to collect and/or trade the species listed in ANNEX A hereof, PROVIDED that, such acts are covered by a permit granted by the DENR pursuant to the pertinent provisions of DENR AO 96, series of 1988 entitled,"Policies on the allocation of Quota on Wildlife".

Section 5. Repealing Clause. All orders, circulars, memoranda or other instructions inconsistent herewith are hereby repealed and/or amended accordingly.

Section 6. Effectivity Clause. This Order shall be taken immediately.

 

(SGD.) FULGENCIO S. FACTORAN, JR
Secretary

ANNEX A

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

STATUS

ORDER PELECANIFORMES

   

FAMILY PELECANIDAE

   

  1. Spot-billed Pelican / Philippine Pelican

Pelecanus philippensis

IUCN(T)

     

ORDER CICONIIFORMES

   

FAMILY ARDEIDAE

   

  2. Japanese Bittern / Japanese Night Heron

Gorsachius goisagi

IUCN(T)

  3. Chicese Egret

Egretta eulophotes

IUCN(T)

     

FAMILY CICONIIDAE

   

  4. Woolly-necked stork / white-necked stork

Ciconia episcopus

IUCN(V)

     

FAMILY THRESKIORNITHIDAE

   

  5. Black-faced Spoonbill / Lesser Spoonbill

Platalea minor

IUCN (T)

     

ORDER FALCONIFORMES

   

FAMILY ACCIPITRIDAE

   

  6. Crested Lizard Hawk

Aviceda jerdeni magnirestris

CITES(II)

  7. Barred Honey Buzzard

Pernis celebensis steerei

CITES(II)

  8. Asiatic Honey Buzzard

Pernis apivorus

CITES(II)

  9. Black-winged Kite

Elenus caeruleus hypoleucus

CITES(II)

10. Black-eared Kite

Milvus migrans lineatus

CITES(II)

11. Brahminy Kite / White & Red Eagle Kite

Haliastur indus intermedius

CITES(II)

12. White-breasted Sea Eagle

Haliaeetus leucogaster

CITES(II)

13. Gray-headed Fishing Eagle

lchthyophago ichthyaetus

CITES(II)

14. Serpent Eagle

Spilosnis holorpilus

CITES(II)

15. Marsh Harier

Circus aeruginosus spilonotuas

CITES(II)

16. Pied Harier

Circus melanoleucus

CITES(II)

17. Asiatic Sparrow Hawk

Accipiter gularis

CITES(II)

18. Philippine Sparrow Hawk

Accipiter virgatus confusus

CITES(II)

19. Crested Goshawk

Accipiter trivirgatus

CITES(II)

20. Chinese Hawk / Gray Frog Hawk

Accipiter soloensis

CITES(II)

21. Gray-faced Buzzard

Butastur indicus

CITES(II)

22. Common Buzzard

Buteo buteo japonensis

CITES(II)

23. Philippine Eagle / Monkey-eating Eagle

Pithecophaga jefferyi

IUCN(E); CITES(l)

24. Rufous-bellied Dwarf Eagle

Hieraaetus Kieneri formosus

CITES(II)

25. Changeable Hawk Eagle

Spizaetus cirrhatus limnaeetus

CITES(II)

26. Philippine Hawk Eagle

Spizaetus philippensis

CITES(II)

     

FAMILY PANDIONIDAE

   

27. Osprey

Pandion haliaetus

CITES(II)

     

FAMILY FALCONIDAE

   

28. Phillipine Falconet

Microhierax erythrogonys

CITES(II)

29. Kestrel

Falco tinnunculus interstinctus

CITES(II)

30. Oriental Habby

Falco severus severus

CITES(II)

31. Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus ernesti

CITES(II)

32. Migratory Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus calidus

CITES(II)

     

ORDER GALLIFORMES

   

FAMILY MEGAPODIIDAE

   

33. Philippine Megapode / Incubator Bird

Megapodius freycinet

CITES(II)

     

FAMILY PHASIANIDAE

   

34. Palawan Peacock Pheasant

Polyplectron emphanum

CITES(II)

     

ORDER GRUIFORMES

   

FAMILY TURNICIDAE

   

35. Worcester's Button Quail

Turnix worcesteri

CITES(II)

     

FAMILY GRUIDAE

   

36. Eastern Sarus Crane

Grus antigone sharpii

CITES(II)

     

ORDER CHARADRIIFORMES

   

FAMILY SCOLOPACIDAE

   

37. Pygmy Curlew

Numenius minutus

CITES(II)

38. Long-billed Curlew

Numenius madagascariensis

CITES(I)

39. Spotted Greenshank

Tringa guttifera

IUCN(T); CITES(I)

40. Oriental Dowitcher / Asian Dowitcher

Limnodromus semipalmatus

IUCN(R)

     

FAMILY LARIDAE

   

41. Chinese Crested Tern

Sterna zimmermanni

IUCN(I)

     

ORDER COLUMBIFORMES

   

FAMILY COLUMBIDAE

   

42. Flame-breasted/Marche's Fruit Dove

Ptilinopus marchei

IUCN(K)

43. Negros Fruit Dove

Ptilinopus arcanus

IUCN(T)

44. Mindoro Imperial Pigeon

Ducula mindorensis

IUCN(T); CITES(I)

45. Spotted Imperial Pegion

Ducula carola

IUCN(K)

46. Luzon Bleeding Heart Pigeon

Gallicolumba luzonica luzonica

CITES(II); IUCN((T)

47. Mindoro Bleeding Heart Pigeon

Gallicolumba luzonica platenae

IUCN(T)

48. Negros Bleeding Heart Pigeon

Gallicolumba luzonica Keayi

CITES(II)

49. Sulu Bleeding Heart Pigeon

Gallicolumba luzonica menagei

IUCN(T)

50. Nicobar Pigeon

Caloenas nicobarica

CITES(II)

51. Grey Imperial Pigeon

Ducula pickeringii

IUCN(T)

52. Superb Fruit Dove

Ptilinopus superbus temminckii

CITES(I)*

     

ORDER PSITTACIFORMES

   

FAMILY PSITTACIDAE

   

53. Mt. Apo Lorikeet / Mindanao Lorikeet

Trichoglossus johnstoniae

CITES(II)

54. Philippine Cockatoo / Red-vented Cockatoo

Kakatoe haematuropygia

IUCN(K); CITES(II)

55. Blu-headed Racket-tailed Parrot

Prioniturus discurus

IUCN(T); CITES(II)

56. Crimson-spotted Racket-tailed Parrot

Prioniturus montanus

IUCN(K); CITES(II)

57. Palawan Racket-tailed Parrot

Prioniturus platenae

CITES(II)

58. Green-headed Rocket-tailed Parrot

Prioniturus luconensis

IUCN(K); CITES(II)

59. Blue-naped Parrot

Tanygnathus lucionensis

IUCN(E)*

60. Large-billed Parrot

Tanygnathus m. megalorynchos

CITES(II)

61. Blue-packed Parrot

Tanygnathus sumatrus

CITES(II)

62. Guaiabero

Bolbopsittacus lunulatus

CITES(II)

63. Philippine Hanging Parakeet

Loriculus philippensis

CITES(II)

     

ORDER CICILIFORMS

   

FAMILY CUCULIDAE

   

64. Steere's Coucal

Centropus steerii

IUCN(K)

65. Scale-feather Cuckoo / Scale-feather malkoha

Phoenicophaeus cumigui

CITES(II)*

     

ORDER STRIGIFORMES

   

FAMILY TYTONIDAE

   

66. Philippine Grass Owl

Tyto capensis amauronata

CITES(II)

67. Bay Owl

Phodilus badius badius

CITES(II)

     

FAMILY STRIGIDAE

   

68. Scops Owl

Otus scop

CITES(II)

69. Luzon Slender Billed Scops Owl

Otus scop longicornis

CITES(II)

70. Mindoro Scops Owl

Otus scop midorensis

IUCN(K); CITES(II)

71. Rufous Scops Owl

Otus refescens burbidge

CITES(II)

72. Oriental Screech Owl

Otus bakkamoena

CITES(II)

73. Giant Scops Owl

Otus gurneyi

CITES(II)

74. Philippine Eagle Owl / Philippine Horned Owl

Bobu philippensis

CITES(II)

75. Philippine Boobook Owl

Ninox philippensis

CITES(II)

76. Oriental Hawk Owl/Philippine Hawk Owl

Ninox scutulata

CITES(II)

77. Seloputo Owl / Spotted Wood Owl

Strix seloputo wiepkeni

CITES(II)

78. Short-earned Owl

Asoi flammeus flammeus

CITES(II)

     

ORDER CORACIIFORMES

   

FAMILY ALCEDINIDAE

   

79.Philippine Forest Kingfisher

Ceyx melanurus

IUCN(K)

80. Winchell's Kingfisher

Halcyon winchelli

IUCN(K)

81. Blue-capped Kingfisher or Horbmon's Kingfisher

Halcyon hombroni

IUCN(T)

     

FAMILY BUCEROTIDAE

   

82. Tarictic Hornbill

Penelopides panini

CITES(II)*

83. Writhed-billed Hornbill

Aceros leucephalus

CITES(II)*

84. Palawan Hornbill

Anthracoceros marchei

CITES(II)*

85. Sulu Hornbill

Antharacoceros montani

IUCN(T);

86. Rofous Hornbill

Buceros hydrocorax

IUCN(E)*; CITES(II)

     

ORDER PICIFORMES

   

FAMILY PICIDAE

   

87. Three-toed Woodpecker

Dinopium javanense everetti

CITES(II)*

88. Great Slaty Woodpecker

Mulleripicus pulverulentus pulverulentus

CITES(II)*

89. Sooty Woodpecker

Mulleripicus funebris

CITES(II)*

90. White-belied Black Woodpecker

Dryocopos javensis

CITES(II)*

91. Pygmy Woodpecker

Dendrocopocos maculatus

CITES(II)*

92. Crimson-backed Woodpecker

Chrysocolaptes lucidus

CITES(II)*

     

ORDER PASSENRIFORMES

   

FAMILY EURYLAIMIDAE

   

93. Wattled Broadbill

Eurylaimus steerii

IUCN(K)

94. Koch's pitta or Whiskered Pitta

Pitta kochi

IUCN(K);

95. Steere's pitta

Pitta steerii

CITES(I); IUCN(T)

     

FAMILY CAMPEPHAGIDAE

   

96. Black Graybird

Coracina coerulescens

IUCN(K)

97. White-winged Cuckoo Shrike/Graybird

Coracina ostenta

IUCN(T)

     

FAMILY PYCONONOTIDAE

   

98. Mottled-breasted Bulbul

Hypsipetes siquijorensis

IUCN(K)

     

FAMILY MUSCICAPIDAE

   

99. White-throated Jungle Flycather

Rhinomyias gularis albigularies

IUCN(T)

100. White-browed Luzon Jungle Cryptic Flycatcher

Rhinomyias insignis

IUCN(K)

101. Vauries Flycatcher or Cryptic Flycather

ficedula crypta

IUCN(K)

102. Blue-breasted Flycatcher

Cyornis herioti

IUCN(T)

103. Short-crested Monarch

Hypothymis helenae

IUCN(T)

104. Celestial Blue Monarch

Hypothymis coelestis

IUCN(T)

105. Good fellow's Jungle Flycatcher

Rhynomyias goodfellow

IUCN(V)

     

FAMILY TURDIDAE

   

106. Philippine Water Redstart

Rhyacornis bicolor

IUCN(T)

107. Cebu Black Shama

Copsychus cebuencis

IUCN(T)

108. White-browed Shama

Copsychus luzoniensis

CITES(II)

109. Ashy Ground Thrush

Zoothera cinerea

IUCN(K)

     

FAMILY TIMALLIDAE

   

110. Bagobo Babbler

Leonardina woodi

IUCN(T)

111. Streaked Ground Babbler

Ptilocichla mindanensis

IUCN(K)

112. Luzon Wren-babbler

Napothera rabori rabori

IUCN(T)

113. Striped tree babbler

Stachyris striata

IUCN(K)

114. Miniature Tit-babbler

Micromacronus leytensis

IUCN(K)

115. Negros tree babbler

Stachyris nigrorum

IUCN(T)

     

FAMILY RHABDORNITHIDAE

   

116. Plain-headed Creeper / Long-billed Creeper

Rhabdorrnis inornatus grandis

IUCN(T)

     

FAMILY PRINGILLIDAE

   

117. Japanese yellow Bunting

Emberiza sulphurata

IUCN(T)

118. Philippine Bullinch

Pyrrhula leucogenys

IUCN(V)*

     

FAMILY ESTRILIDAE

   

119. Green-faced Parrotfinch

Erythura viridifacies

IUCN(K)

120. Mindanao Parrotfinch

Erythura coloria

IUCN(T)

     

FAMILY ORIOLIDAE

   

121. Isabella Oriole

Oeuikys usabellae

IUCN(K)

     

FAMILY STURNIDAE

   

122. Mt. Apo Myna

Basilornis miranda

IUCN(K)*

123. Hill Myna/Talking Myna

Gracula religiosa palawanensis

CITES(I)*

     

FAMILY ZOSTEROPIDAE

   

124. Goodfellow's White-eye

Lophozosterops goodfellowi

IUCN(K)*

125. Cinnamon White-eye

Hypocryptadius cinnamomeus

IUCN(K)*

     

MAMMALIA

   

ORDER ARTIODACTYLA

   

FAMILY BOVIDAE

   

  1. Tamaraw

Bubalus mindorensis

CITES

     

FAMILY CERVIDAE

   

  2. Spotted Sambar Deer

Cervus alfredi

IUCN(E)

  3. Calamian Deer

Cervus porcinus

IUCN(V); CITES(I)

  4. Philippine Deer or Luzon Sambar Deer

Cervus maria

IUCN(E)

     

FAMILY TRAGULIDAE

   

  5. Mouse Deer

Tragulus napu

proposed for inclusion under CITES(II)

     

ORDER CARNIVORA

   

FAMILY FELIDAE

   

  6. Little leopard Cat

Felis bengalensis

CITES(II)

     

FAMILY MUSTELIDAE

   

  7. Dwarf Small Clawed Otter or Clawless Otter

Amblonyx cinerea

IUCN(K); CITES(II)

     

ORDER RODENTIA

   

FAMILY MURIDAE

   

  8. Luzon Forest Rat or Philippine Bush Rat

Batomys grantii

IUCN(I)

     

FAMILY ERINACEIDAE

   

  9. Mindano Gymnure

Podogymnura truei

IUCN(V)

     

ORDER PRIMATES

   

FAMILY LORISIDAE

   

10. Slow Loris or Slow Lemur

Mycticebus menagensis

CITES(II)

     

FAMILY CERCOPITHECIDAE

   

11. Philippine Monkey or Long-tailed Macaque

Macaca fascicularis

CITES(II)

     

FAMILY TARSIIDAE

   

12. Philippine Tarsier

Tarsius syrichta

IUCN(E)

     

FAMILY TUPAIIDAE

   

13. Philippine Tree Shrew or Mindanao Slender-tailed Shrew

Orogale everetti

CITES(II)

14. Palawan Tree Shrew

Tupala p, palawanensis

CITES(II)

     

ORDER SIRENEA

   

FAMILY DUNGONGIDAE

   

15. Sea Cow or Dugong

Dugong dugon

IUCN(V); CITES(I) Proposed for upliftment to endangered category

     

ORDER CHIROPTERA

   

FAMILY ACERODON

   

16. Panay Flying Fox or Panay Giant Fruit Bat

Acerodon lucifer

CITES(II)

17. Chapman's Fruit Bat

Dobsonia exoleta chapmani

CITES(II)

18. Giant Fruit Bat

Acerodon jubatus mindanensis

CITES(II)

19. Dawn Bat

Eonycteris spelaea glandifera

CITES(II)

20. Long-tongued Fruit Bat

Macroglossus lagochilus lagochilus

CITES(II)

21. Harpy Fruit Bat

Harpionycteris whiteheadi

CITES(II)

     

FAMILY PTEROPIDAE

   

22. Dog-faced fruit bat

Cynopterus brachyotis luzoniensis

CITES(II)

23. Short-nosed fruit bat

Ptenochirus jagorii

CITES(II)

24. Geoffroy's rousette bat

Rousettus amplexicaudatus

CITES(II)

25. Philippine flying fox/Philippine giant fruit bat

Pteropus vampyrus lanensis

CITES(II)

26. Fruit bat

Pteropus speciosus

CITES(II)

     

ORDER PHOLIDOTA

   

FAMILY MANIDAE

   

27. Palawan scaly anteater

Manis javanica

CITES(II)

     

REPTILA

   

ORDER CROCODYLIA

   

FAMILY CROCODYLIDAE

   

1. Philippine or Freshwater Crocodile

Crocodylus mindorensis

IUCN(E); CITES(I)

2. Estuarine or Saltwater Crocodile

Crocodylus porosus

CITES(I)

     

ORDER SAURIA

   

FAMILY VARANIDAE

   

3. Gray Monitor Lizard

Varanus grayl

IUCN(R); CITES(I)

4. Variable Malay Monitor Lizard or Variable Monitor Lizard

Varanus salvator

CITES(I)

     

FAMILY AGAMIDAE

   

5. Sailfin Lizard

Hydrosaurus postulosus

IUCN(R)

     

ORDER SERPENTES

   

FAMILY BOIDAE

   

6. Reticulated Python

Python reticulatus

CITES(II)

     

ORDER TESTUDINATA

   

FAMILY CHELONIIDAE

   

7. Hawksbill Turtle

Eretmochelys olivacea

IUCN(E); CITES(I)

8. Olive Ridley Turtle

Lepidochelys olivacea

IUCN(E); CITES(I)

9. Green Sea Turtle

Chelonia mydas

IUCN(E); CITES(I)

     

FAMILY DERMOCHELYDAE

   

10. Leatherback Turtle

Dermochelys coriacea

IUCN(E); CITES(I)

     

FAMILY

   

11. Leyte Pond Turtle or Leyte Freshwater Turtle

Heosemys leytensis

IUCN(I)