This data access service is provided by the Center  for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), which operates the Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC) for the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
Service Providers

Environmental Treaties and Resource Indicators (ENTRI) -- Full Text File


Summary of the "Convention for the Conservation of Salmon in the North Atlantic Ocean" is available from the UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment.

See the ENTRI query system for information about the status of this treaty.


See the ENTRI thematic guide for more information about the relationships between environmental treaties, national resource indicators, and remotely sensed data.
Disclaimer: ENTRI data providers make every effort to ensure the accuracy, reliability, and completeness of the texts and other information included in this collection; however, neither CIESIN nor the ENTRI data providers verify or guarantee the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of the contents of ENTRI. If you encounter an error, please notify us by e-mail to entri@ciesin.org.


CONVENTION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF SALMON IN THE NORTH 
ATLANTIC OCEAN

Reykjavik, 2 March 1982


The Parties to this Convention,

Recognizing that salmon originating in the rivers of different 
States intermingle in certain parts of the North Atlantic Ocean,

Taking into account international law, the provisions on 
anadromous stocks of fish in the Draft Convention of the Third 
United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea and other 
developments in international fora relating to anadromous stocks,

Desiring to promote the acquisition, analysis and dissemination 
of scientific information pertaining to salmon stocks in the North 
Atlantic Ocean,

Desiring to promote the conservation, restoration, enhancement 
and rational management of salmon stocks in the North Atlantic 
Ocean through international co-operation,

Have agreed as follows:


Article 1

1. This Convention applies to the salmon stocks which migrate 
beyond areas of fisheries jurisdiction of coastal States of the 
Atlantic Ocean north of 36 deg N latitude throughout their 
migratory range.

2. Nothing in this Convention shall affect the rights, claims or 
views of any Party with regard to the limits or extent of 
jurisdiction over fisheries, nor shall it prejudice the views or 
positions of any Party with respect to the law of the sea.


Article 2

1. Fishing of salmon is prohibited beyond areas of fisheries 
jurisdiction of coastal States.

2. Within areas of fisheries jurisdiction of coastal States, 
fishing of salmon is prohibited beyond 12 nautical miles from the 
baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is 
measured, except in the following areas:

(a) in the West Greenland Commission area, up to 40 nautical miles 
from the baselines; and

(b) in the North-East Atlantic Commission area, within the area of 
fisheries jurisdiction of the Faroe Islands.

3. The Parties shall invite the attention of any State not a Party 
to this Convention to any matter relating to the activities of the 
vessels of that State which appears to affect adversely the 
conservation, restoration, enhancement or rational management of 
salmon stocks subject to this Convention or the implementation of 
the Convention.


Article 3

1. There is hereby established an international organization that 
shall be known as the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation 
Organization, hereinafter referred to as the "Organization".

2. The objective of the Organization shall be to contribute 
through consultation and co-operation to the conservation, 
restoration, enhancement and rational management of salmon stocks 
subject to this Convention, taking into account the best 
scientific evidence available to it.

3. The Organization shall consist of:

(a) a Council;

(b) three regional Commissions:

Ņa North American Commission, 
Ņa West Greenland Commission, and 
Ņa North-East Atlantic Commission;

(c) a Secretary.

4. The areas of the Commissions shall be as follows:

(a) North American Commission: maritime waters within areas of 
fisheries jurisdiction of coastal States off the east coast of 
North America;

(b) West Greenland Commission: maritime waters within the area of 
fisheries jurisdiction off the coast of West Greenland west of a 
line drawn along 44 deg W longitude south to 59 deg N latitude, 
thence due east to 42 deg W longitude and thence due south; and

(c) North-East Atlantic Commission: maritime waters east of the 
line referred to in subparagraph (b).

5. The Organization shall have legal personality and shall enjoy 
in the territories of the Parties and in its relations with other 
international organizations such legal capacity as may be 
necessary to perform its functions and achieve its ends. The 
immunities and privileges which the Organization, its officers and 
staff and representatives of the Parties shall enjoy in the 
territory of a State shall be subject to agreement between the 
Organization and the State concerned.

6. The official languages of the Organization shall be English and 
French.

7. The office of the Organization shall be at Edinburgh or at such 
other place as the Council may decide.


Article 4

1. The functions of the Council shall be:

(a) to provide a forum for the study, analysis and exchange of 
information among the Parties on matters concerning the salmon 
stocks subject to this Convention, and on the achievement of the 
objective of the Convention;

(b) to provide a forum for consultation and cooperation on matters 
concerning the salmon stocks in the North Atlantic Ocean beyond 
Commission areas;

(c) to facilitate the co-ordination of the activities of the 
Commissions and to co-ordinate the initiatives of the Parties 
under article 2, paragraph 3;

(d) to establish working arrangements with the International 
Council for the Exploration of the Sea and other appropriate 
fisheries and scientific organizations;

(e) to make recommendations to the Parties, the International 
Council for the Exploration of the Sea or other appropriate 
fisheries and scientific organizations concerning the undertaking 
of scientific research;

(f) to supervise and co-ordinate the administrative, financial and 
other internal affairs of the Organization, including the 
relations among its constituent bodies;

(g) to co-ordinate the external relations of the Organization; and

(h) to perform such other functions as are conferred on it by this 
Convention.

2. The Council shall have the authority to make recommendations to 
the Parties and the Commissions on matters concerning salmon 
stocks subject to this Convention, including the enforcement of 
laws and regulations, provided that no recommendation shall be 
made concerning the management of salmon harvests within the area 
of fisheries jurisdiction of a Party.

3. Notwithstanding paragraph 2, upon the specific request of a 
Commission, the Council shall have the authority to make 
recommendations to that Commission on regulatory measures which 
the Commission may propose pursuant to this Convention.


Article 5

1. Each Party shall be a member of the Council and may appoint to 
the Council not more than three representatives who may be 
accompanied at its meetings by experts and advisers.

2. The Council shall elect a President and Vice-President who 
shall serve for two years. They shall be eligible for re-election, 
provided that they do not serve for more than four years in 
succession in each office. The President and Vice-President shall 
not be representatives of the same Party.

3. The President of the Council shall be the principal 
representative of the Organization.

4. The President shall convene a regular annual meeting of the 
Council and the Commissions at a time and place determined by the 
Council.

5. Upon the request of a Party with the concurrence of another 
Party the President shall call meetings of the Council other than 
annual meetings at such time and place as the President may 
determine.

6. The Council shall submit to the Parties an annual report of the 
activities of the Organization.


Article 6

1. The Council shall adopt its rules of procedure.

2. Each member of the Council shall have one vote in its 
proceedings.

3. Except where otherwise provided, decisions of the Council shall 
be taken by a three-quarters majority of the votes of the members 
present and casting an affirmative or negative vote. No vote shall 
be taken unless two thirds of the members are present.


Article 7

1. The functions of the North American Commission with regard to 
its area shall be:

(a) to provide a forum for consultation and cooperation between 
the members:

(i) on matters related to minimizing catches in the area of 
fisheries jurisdiction of one member of salmon originating in the 
rivers of another Party,
(ii) in cases where activities undertaken or proposed by one 
member affect salmon originating in the rivers of the other member 
because, for example, of biological interactions;

(b) to propose regulatory measures for salmon fisheries under the 
jurisdiction of a member which harvest amounts of salmon 
significant to the other member in whose rivers that salmon 
originates, in order to minimize such harvests;

(c) to propose, regulatory measures for salmon fisheries under the 
jurisdiction of a member which harvest amounts of salmon 
significant to another Party in whose rivers that salmon 
originates; and

(d) to make recommendations to the Council concerning the 
undertaking of scientific research.

2. Each member shall, with respect to its vessels and the area 
under its fisheries jurisdiction, take the measures necessary to 
minimize by-catches of salmon originating in the rivers of the 
other member.

3. Fishing patterns in salmon fisheries in the North American 
Commission area shall not be altered in a manner which results in 
the initiating of fishing or increase in catches of salmon 
originating in the rivers of another Party, except with the 
consent of the latter.


Article 8

The functions of the West Greenland Commission and the North-East 
Atlantic Commission with regard to their respective areas shall 
be:

(a) to provide a forum for consultation and cooperation among the 
members concerning the conservation, restoration, enhancement and 
rational management of salmon stocks subject to this Convention,

(b) to propose regulatory measures for fishing in the area of 
fisheries jurisdiction of a member of salmon originating in the 
rivers of other Parties; and

(c) to make recommendations to the Council concerning the 
undertaking of scientific research.


Article 9

In exercising the functions set out in articles 7 and 8, a 
Commission shall take into account:

(a) the best available information, including advice from the 
International Council for the Exploration of the Sea and other 
appropriate scientific organizations;

(b) measures taken and other factors, both inside and outside the 
Commission area, that affect the salmon stocks concerned;

(c) the efforts of States of origin to implement and enforce 
measures for the conservation, restoration
enhancement and rational management of salmon stocks in their 
rivers and areas of fisheries jurisdiction, including measures 
referred to in article 15, paragraph 5 (b);

(d) the extent to which the salmon stocks concerned feed in the 
areas of fisheries jurisdiction of the respective Parties;

(e) the relative effects of harvesting salmon at different stages 
of their migration routes;

(f) the contribution of Parties other than States of origin to the 
conservation of salmon stocks which migrate into their areas of 
fisheries jurisdiction by limiting their catches of such stocks or 
by other measures; and

(g) the interests of communities which are particularly dependent 
on salmon fisheries.


Article 10

1. The Parties shall be members of the Commissions as follows:

(a) North American Commission: Canada and the United States of 
America;

(b) West Greenland Commission: Canada, the European Economic 
Community and the United States of America;

(c) North-East Atlantic Commission: Denmark in respect of the 
Faroe Islands, the European Economic Community, Iceland, Norway 
and Sweden.

2. At its first meeting the Council shall review and may by 
unanimous vote modify the membership of the West Greenland 
Commission.

3. A Party not mentioned in paragraph 1 (b) may, at the request 
and upon the unanimous decision of the Council, become a member of 
the West Greenland Commission or the North-East Atlantic 
Commission if it is a State of origin for significant quantities 
of salmon occurring in the respective Commission area or if it 
exercises fisheries jurisdiction in that area.

4. Parties may participate as observers in the deliberations of a 
Commission of which they are not members.

5. Each member may appoint to a Commission not more than three 
representatives who may be accompanied at its meetings by experts 
and advisers.

6. Each Commission shall elect a Chairman and Vice-Chairman who 
shall serve for two years. They shall be eligible for re-election, 
provided that they not serve for more than four years in 
succession in each office. The Chairman and Vice-Chairman shall 
not be representatives of the same member.

7. Upon the request of a member of a Commission with the 
concurrence of another member the Chairman shall call meetings of 
the Commission other than annual meetings at such time and place 
as the Chairman may determine.

8. Each Commission shall, on a timely basis, make a report of its 
activities to the Council.


Article 11

1. Each Commission shall adopt its rules of procedure.

2. Each member of a Commission shall have one vote in its 
proceedings. In addition, in the case of the North American 
Commission, the European Economic Community shall have the right 
to submit and vote on proposals for regulatory measures concerning 
salmon stocks originating in the territories referred to in 
article 18. In the case of the North-East Atlantic Commission, 
Canada and the United States of America shall each have the right 
to submit and vote on proposals for regulatory measures concerning 
salmon stocks originating in the rivers of Canada or the United 
States of America, respectively, and occurring off East Greenland.

3. Decisions of a Commission shall be taken by the unanimous vote 
of those present and casting an affirmative or negative vote. No 
vote shall be taken unless two thirds of those entitled to vote on 
the matter concerned are present.


Article 12

1. The Council shall appoint a Secretary, who shall be the chief 
administrative officer of the Organization.

2. The functions of the Secretary shall be:

(a) to provide administrative services to the Organization;

(b) to compile and disseminate statistics and reports concerning 
the salmon stocks subject to this Convention; and

(c) to perform such functions as follow from other provisions of 
this Convention or as the Council may determine.

3. The Council shall determine the conditions of employment of the 
Secretary and staff.

4. The Secretary shall appoint the staff in accordance with 
staffing requirements approved by the Council. The staff shall be 
responsible to the Secretary, subject to the general supervision 
of the Council.


Article 13

1. The Secretary shall, without undue delay, notify the members of 
a Commission of any regulatory measure proposed by that 
Commission.

2. Subject to paragraph 3, a regulatory measure proposed by a 
Commission under article 7, paragraph 1 (b) or (c), or article 8, 
sub-paragraph (b), shall become binding on its members 60 days 
after the date specified in the Secretary's notification or, if a 
later date is determined by the Commission, on such date.

3. Any member in whose areas of fisheries jurisdiction a 
regulatory measure would apply may, within 60 days of the date 
specified in the Secretary's notification, lodge an objection to 
it. In this case the regulatory measure shall not become binding 
on any member. A member which has lodged an objection may at any 
time withdraw it. Thirty days after all objections are withdrawn 
the regulatory measure shall become binding, subject to paragraph 
2.

4. After the expiration of one year from the date on which a 
regulatory measure becomes binding, any member in whose area of 
fisheries jurisdiction the regulatory measure applies may denounce 
it by written notice to the Secretary. The Secretary shall 
immediately inform the other members of such denunciation. The 
regulatory measure shall cease to be binding on all members 60 
days after the date of receipt by the Secretary of the notice of 
denunciation or, if a later date is indicated by the member, on 
such date.

5. A Commission may propose an emergency regulatory measure having 
effect prior to the expiration of the 60-day period referred to in 
paragraph 2. The members shall make best efforts to implement the 
measure, unless there is an objection by a member within 30 days 
after the Commission has proposed it.


Article 14

1. Each Party shall ensure that such action is taken, including 
the imposition of adequate penalties for violation, as may be 
necessary to make effective the provisions of this Convention and 
to implement regulatory measures which become binding on it under 
article 13.

2. Each Party shall transmit to the Council an annual statement of 
the actions taken pursuant to paragraph 1. Such statement shall be 
sent to the Secretary not later than 60 days before the annual 
meeting of the Council.


Article 15

1. Each Party shall provide to the Council available catch 
statistics for salmon stocks subject to this Convention taken in 
its rivers and area of fisheries jurisdiction at such intervals as 
the Council may determine.

2. Each Party shall compile and provide to the Council such other 
statistics for salmon stocks subject to this Convention in its 
rivers and area of fisheries jurisdiction as required by the 
Council. The Council shall decide by unanimous vote the scope and 
form of such statistics and the intervals at which they shall be 
provided.

3. Each Party shall provide the Council with any other available 
scientific and statistical information which it requires for the 
purposes of this Convention.

4. Upon the request of the Council each Party shall provide to the 
Council copies of laws, regulations and programmes in force or, 
where appropriate, summaries thereof, relating to the 
conservation, restoration, enhancement and rational management of 
salmon stocks subject to this Convention in its rivers and area of 
fisheries jurisdiction.

5. Each year each Party shall notify the Council of:

(a) the adoption or repeal since its last notification of laws, 
regulations and programmes relating to the conservation, 
restoration, enhancement and rational management of salmon stocks 
subject to this Convention in its rivers and area of fisheries 
jurisdiction;

(b) any commitments by the responsible authorities concerning the 
adoption or maintenance in force for specified periods of time 
within its territory or area of fisheries jurisdiction of measures 
relating to the conservation, restoration, enhancement and 
rational management of salmon stocks subject to this Convention; 
and

(c) factors within its territory and area of fisheries 
jurisdiction which may significantly affect the abundance of 
salmon stocks subject to this Convention.

6. The notifications referred to in paragraph 5 (a) shall be sent 
to the Secretary not later than 60 days before the annual meeting 
of the Council. The notifications referred to in paragraph 5 (b) 
and (c) shall be sent to the Secretary as soon as practicable.


Article 16

1. The Council shall adopt an annual budget for the Organization. 
The Secretary shall transmit a draft budget to the Parties, 
together with a schedule of contributions, not later than 60 days 
before the meeting of the Council at which the budget is to be 
considered.

2. The Council shall determine the annual contribution of each 
Party according to the following formula:

(a) 30% of the budget shall be divided equally among the Parties: 
and

(b) 70% of the budget shall be divided among the Parties in 
proportion to their nominal catches of salmon subject to this 
Convention in the calendar year ending not more than 18 months and 
not less than 6 months before the beginning of the financial year.

3. The Secretary shall notify each Party of its contribution. 
Contributions shall be paid not later than four months after the 
date of such notification.

4. Contributions shall be payable in the currency of the State in 
which the office of the Organization is located, unless the 
Council decides otherwise.

5. The contribution of a Party for which this Convention has 
entered into force during the course of a financial year shall for 
that year be a part of the annual contribution proportional to the 
number of complete months remaining in the year from the date of 
entry into force for that Party.

6. A Party which has not paid its contributions for two 
consecutive years shall not he entitled to vote under this 
Convention until it has fulfilled its obligations, unless the 
Council decides otherwise.

7. The financial affairs of the Organization shall be audited 
annually by external auditors to be selected by the Council.


Article 17

1. This Convention shall be open for signature at Reykjavik from 2 
March to 31 August 1982 by Canada, Denmark in respect of the Faroe 
Islands, the European Economic Community, Iceland, Norway, Sweden 
and the United States of America.

2. This Convention shall be subject to ratification or approval.

3. This Convention shall be open for accession by the parties 
referred to in paragraph 1 and, subject to the approval of the 
Council, by any other State that exercises fisheries jurisdiction 
in the North Atlantic Ocean or is a State of origin for salmon 
stocks subject to this Convention.

4. Instruments of ratification, approval or accession shall be 
deposited with the Depositary.

5. This Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the 
month following the deposit of instruments of ratification, 
approval or accession by four Parties, provided that among the 
four Parties are two members of each Commission and that at least 
one of the two members of each Commission exercises fisheries 
jurisdiction in the Commission area.

6. For each Party ratifying, approving or acceding to this 
Convention after the deposit of the requisite instruments of 
ratification, approval or accession under paragraph 5, it shall 
enter into force on the date of entry into force of the Convention 
or on the date of deposit of the instrument of ratification, 
approval or accession, whichever is the later.

7. The Depositary shall inform the signatories and acceding 
Parties of the deposit of all instruments of ratification, 
approval and accession and shall notify the signatories and 
acceding Parties of the date and the Parties in respect of which 
the Convention enters into force.

8. The Depositary shall call the first meeting of the Council and 
the Commissions as soon as practicable after the entry into force 
of this Convention.


Article 18

This Convention shall apply, insofar as the European Economic 
Community is concerned, to the territories in which the Treaty 
establishing the European Economic Community is applied and under 
the conditions laid down in that Treaty.


Article 19

1. Any Party may propose amendments to this Convention to be 
considered by the Council. A proposed amendment shall be sent to 
the Secretary not later than 90 days before the meeting at which 
it is proposed to be considered. The Secretary shall immediately 
transmit the proposed amendment to the Parties.

2. The adoption of an amendment by the Council shall require the 
unanimous vote of the Parties present and casting an affirmative 
or negative vote. The text of an amendment so adopted shall be 
transmitted by the Secretary to the Depositary which shall 
immediately notify the Parties thereof.

3. An amendment shall enter into force for all Parties 30 days 
after the date specified in the notification by the Depositary of 
receipt from all Parties of instruments of ratification or 
approval.

4. A Party which becomes bound by this Convention after an 
amendment has entered into force in accordance with paragraph 3 
shall be considered as a Party to the Convention as amended.

5. The Depositary shall immediately notify all Parties of the 
receipt of instruments of ratification or approval and the entry 
into force of amendments.


Article 20

1. Any Party may denounce this Convention with effect from 31 
December of any year by giving notice to the Depositary on or 
before the preceding 30 June. The Depositary shall immediately 
inform the other Parties of such denunciation.

2. Any other Party may denounce this Convention with effect from 
the same 31 December by giving notice to the Depositary within 30 
days of the date on which the Depositary informed the Parties of a 
denunciation under paragraph 1.


Article 21

1. The original of this Convention shall be deposited with the 
Council of the European Communities, referred to in the Convention 
as the "Depositary", which shall transmit certified copies thereof 
to all signatories and acceding Parties.

2. The Depositary shall register this Convention in accordance 
with article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.