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Environmental Treaties and Resource Indicators (ENTRI) -- UNEP Summary File


Full text of the "International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage" is available.

See the ENTRI query system for information about the signatory status of this treaty.


             INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON CIVIL LIABILITY
                      FOR OIL POLLUTION DAMAGE
                            (as amended)

Objectives
==========

      To ensure that adequate compensation is available to persons
who suffer damage caused by pollution resulting from the escape or
discharge of oil from ships.  To standardize international rules and
procedures for determining questions of liability and adequate
compensation in such areas.

Summary of provisions
=====================

      (a)  The owner of a ship at the time of an incident causing
oil pollution damage shall be liable for any damage so caused,
unless the incident is caused by act of war, exceptional natural
phenomenon, malicious act of a third party or negligence of a
Government or other authority in maintaining navigational aids (art.
3);

      (b)  Contributory liability on the part of the plaintiff may
be established in certain cases (art. 3);

      (c)  Where two or more ships have caused such damage, the
owners shall be jointly and severally liable (art. 4);

      (d)  Limits to liability established (art. 5);

      (e)  Ships carrying over 2,000 tons of oil as cargo must
maintain insurance (art. 7);

      (f)  Limitations of three and six years for rights of action
(art. 8);

      (g)  Warships are excluded (art. 11).

Membership
==========

      Open to all Members of the United Nations, members of the
specialized agencies or parties to the Statute of the International
Court of Justice.  Instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval
or accession to be deposited with the Secretary-General of IMO.

                                                   Amendments
                                                   ----------

 Date of adoption          29.11.1969        19.11.1976      25.5.1984
 Place of adoption         Brussels,Belgium  London, UK      London, UK
 Date of entry into force  19. 6.1975        8. 4.1981       Not yet in
                                                             force
 Languages                 English,French    English,French  Arabic, Chinese                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         French,
                                                             French, Russian,
                                                             Spanish
 Depositary                IMO                               IMO

      Participant                                     Entry into force
      -----------                                     ----------------

      Algeria                                         19. 6.1975
      Australia                                        5. 2.1984
      Bahamas                                         20.10.1976
      Belgium                                         12. 4.1977
      Benin                                           30. 1.1986
      Brazil                                          17. 3.1977
      Cameroon                                        12. 8.1984
      Canada                                          24. 4.1989
      Chile                                           31.10.1977
      China                                           29. 4.1980
      Colombia                                        14. 6.1990
      Côte d'Ivoire                                   19. 6.1975
      Cyprus                                          17. 9.1989
      Denmark                                         19. 6.1975
      Djibouti                                        30. 5.1990
      Dominican Republic                              19. 6.1975
      Ecuador                                         23. 3.1977
      Egypt                                            4. 5.1989
      Fiji                                            19. 6.1975
      Finland                                          8. 1.1981
      France                                          19. 6.1975
      Gabon                                           21. 4.1982
      Germany                                         18. 8.1975
      Ghana                                           19. 7.1978
      Greece                                          27. 9.1976
      Guatemala                                       18. 1.1983
      Iceland                                         15.10.1980
      India                                           30. 7.1987
      Indonesia                                       30.11.1978
      Ireland                                         19.11.1980
      Italy                                           28. 5.1979
      Japan                                            1. 9.1976
      Korea, Republic of                              18. 3.1979
      Kuwait                                           1. 7.1981
      Lebanon                                         19. 6.1975
      Liberia                                         19. 6.1975
      Maldives                                        14. 6.1981
      Monaco                                          19.11.1975
      Morocco                                         19. 6.1975
      Netherlands                                      8.12.1975
      New Zealand                                     26. 7.1976
      Nigeria                                          5. 8.1981
      Norway                                          19. 6.1975
      Oman                                            24. 4.1985
      Panama                                           6. 4.1976
      Papua New Guinea                                10. 6.1980
      Peru                                            25. 5.1987
      Poland                                          16. 6.1976
      Portugal                                        24. 2.1977
      Qatar                                           31. 8.1988
      Russian Federationm                             22. 9.1975
      Saint Vincent and  
        the Grenadines                                18. 7.1989
      Senegal                                         19. 6.1975
      Seychelles                                      11. 7.1988
      Singapore                                       15.12.1981
      South Africa                                    15. 6.1976
      Spain                                            7. 3.1976
      Sri Lanka                                       11. 7.1983
      Sweden                                          19. 6.1975
      Switzerland                                     14. 3.1988
                Syrian Arab Republic                  19. 6.1975
      Tunisia                                          2. 8.1976
      Tuvalu                                           1.10.1978
      United Arab Emirates                            14. 3.1984
      United Kingdom of Great    
        Britain and
        Northern Ireland*                             19. 6.1975
      Vanuatu                                          3. 5.1983
      Yemen                                            4. 6.1979
      Yugoslavia                                      16. 9.1976

      The Convention applies provisionally in respect of Belize,
Kiribati and Solomon Islands.

      *    Extended to the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of
Jersey and the Isle of Man on 1. 2.1976;  Bermuda on 3. 2.1976;  the
British Indian Ocean Territory, the British Virgin Islands and the
Cayman Islands on 1. 4.1976;  the Falkland Islands (Malvinas) and
Dependencies, Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Montserrat, Pitcairn, St. Helena
and Dependencies on 1. 4.1976; Seychelles (now an independent
State), the Turks and Caicos Islands and the United Kingdom
Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia on the Island of
Cyprus on 1. 4.1976 and Anguilla on 1. 9.1984.

Convention Secretariat
======================

International Maritime Organization
4 Albert Embankment
London SE17SR, United Kingdom
Telephone:  071-735-7611
Fax:        071-587-3210
Telex:      23588

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