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Summary of the "Agreement for the Establishment of a Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in the Near East" is available from the UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment.

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AGREEMENT FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A COMMISSION FOR
CONTROLLING THE DESERT LOCUST IN THE NEAR EAST

Rome, 2 July 1965


as amended by the Commission at its Seventh Session (18-22 
October 1976) and approved by the FAO Council at its 
Seventy-Second Session (8-10 November 1977)

PREAMBLE

The Contracting Governments, having regard to the urgent 
necessity of preventing losses to agriculture in certain countries 
in the Near East caused by the Desert Locust, hereby establish 
within the framework of the Food and Agriculture Organization of 
the United Nations (hereinafter referred to as "the Organization") 
a Commission to be known as the "Commission for Controlling the 
Desert Locust in the Near East", whose object shall be to promote 
national and international research and action with respect to the 
control of the Desert Locust in the Near East. The Near East 
(hereinafter referred to as "the Region") is defined for the 
purpose of this Agreement, as consisting of the territories of 
Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syrian Arab 
Republic, Turkey, United Arab Republic and Yemen and of other 
territories in the Arabian Peninsula situated south of the 
latitude 27 degrees north.


Article I

MEMBERSHIP

1. The Members of the Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust 
in the Near East (hereinafter referred to as "the Commission") 
shall be such Member Nations and Associate Members of the 
Organization situated in the Region defined in the Preamble as 
accept this Agreement in accordance with the provision of this 
Agreement. 

2. The Commission may, by a two-thirds majority of its Members, 
admit to membership such other States, situated in the Region that 
are Members of the United Nations, any of its Specialized Agencies 
or the International Atomic Energy Agency as have submitted an 
application for membership of the Commission and a declaration 
made in a formal instrument that they accept this Agreement as in 
force at the time of admission.


Article II

OBLIGATIONS OF MEMBERS REGARDING NATIONAL POLICIES AND 
INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION FOR THE CONTROL OF THE
DESERT LOCUST

1. Members undertake to maintain through the Secretary of the 
Commission a regular exchange of information on the current locust 
situation and the progress of control campaigns within their 
countries, and also to transmit such information regularly to the 
Desert Locust Information Service in London.

2. Members undertake to carry out all possible measures to control 
plagues of the Desert Locust within their countries and to reduce 
crop damage by adopting the following procedures:

a) maintaining a permanent locust reporting and control service;

b) holding reserves of insecticides and application equipment;

c) encouraging and supporting such training, survey and research 
work, including where appropriate the maintenance of national 
research stations for the study of the Desert Locust, as may be 
considered desirable by the Commission and as are compatible with 
the resources of the country;

d) participating in the implementation of any common policy of 
locust prevention which may be approved by the Commission.

e) facilitating the storage of any items of anti-locust equipment 
and insecticides held by the Commission and permitting the duty-
free import or export without hindrance of such goods and 
equipment as well as the free movement within the country of such 
goods and equipment;

f) providing the Commission with any information it may request to 
carry out its functions effectively.

3. Members undertake to submit to the Commission periodic reports 
on the action taken to fulfil the obligations specified in 
paragraphs 1 and 2 above.


Article III

SEAT OF THE COMMISSION

1. The seat of the Commission shall be determined by the 
Commission.

2. Sessions of the Commission shall normally be held at its seat. 
Sessions may, however, be convened elsewhere in consultation with 
the Director-General of the Organization, in pursuance of a 
decision of the Commission at a previous session, or in 
exceptional circumstances of a decision by the Executive 
Committee.


Article IV 

FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION

The following shall be the functions of the Commission: 

1. Joint Action and Assistance

 The Commission shall:

a) plan and promote joint action for the survey and control of the 
Desert Locust in the Region wherever required and, to this effect, 
arrange means whereby adequate resources can be made available;

b) assist and promote, in any manner which it considers 
appropriate, any national, regional or international action 
relating to the control or survey of the Desert Locust;

c) determine, in consultation with the Members concerned, the 
nature and extent of assistance needed by such Members for 
implementing their national programmes and for supporting regional 
programmes; 

d) assist, at the request of any Member whose territory is faced 
with Desert Locust situations beyond the capacity of its national 
services to control and survey, in any measures jointly agreed to 
that may become necessary; 

e) maintain at strategic localities determined by the Commission, 
in consultation with the Members concerned, reserves of anti-
locust equipment, insecticides and other supplies, to be used in 
cases of emergency in accordance with decisions of the Executive 
Committee including supplementing of the national resources of any 
Member.

2. Information and Co-ordination 

The Commission shall: 

1. ensure that all Members are provided with current information 
in regard to Desert Locust infestations, and collect and 
disseminate information on experience gained, research conducted 
and programmes adopted on the national, regional and international 
levels in connection with the control of the Desert Locust;
 
b) assist the national research organizations of Members and co-
ordinate research in the Region by arranging visits of research 
and survey units from Members and by other appropriate means.

3. Co-operation 

The Commission may: 

a) enter into arrangements or agreements, through the Director-
General of the Organization, with nations in the Region that are 
not Members of the Commission, for common action in connection 
with survey and control of locusts in the Region; 

b) enter into or encourage arrangements, through the Director-
General, with other United Nations Specialized Agencies or other 
international organizations concerned, for common action on the 
study and control of locusts and for the mutual exchange of 
information on problems concerning locusts.

4. Administrative Matters 

The Commission shall:

a) consider and approve the report of the Executive Committee on 
the activities of the Commission, the Programme and Budget of the 
Commission for the ensuing financial period, and the annual 
accounts; 

b) keep the Director-General of the Organization fully informed of 
its activities and transmit to him the accounts, the Programme and 
the Budget of the Commission, the latter for submission to the 
Council of the Organization prior to implementation; 

c) transmit to the Director-General the reports and 
recommendations of the Commission, for such action by the Council 
or Conference of the Organization as may be appropriate.


Article V

SESSIONS OF THE COMMISSION

1. Each Member of the Commission shall be represented at sessions 
of the Commission by a delegate who may be accompanied by an 
alternate and by experts and advisers. Alternates, experts and 
advisers may take part in the proceedings of the Commission but 
may not vote unless authorized by the delegate to substitute for 
him.

2. A majority of the Members of the Commission shall constitute a 
quorum. Each Member shall have one vote. Decisions of the 
Commission shall be taken by a majority of the votes cast except 
as otherwise provided for in this Agreement.

3. A Member which is in arrears in the payment of its financial 
contributions to the Commission shall have no vote if the amount 
of its arrears equals or exceeds the amount of the contributions 
due from it for the two preceding financial years.

4. The Commission shall elect, at the beginning of each regular 
session, a Chairman and a Vice Chairman from amongst the 
delegates. These officers shall hold office until the beginning of 
the next regular session and shall be eligible for re-election .

5. The Director-General of the Organization in consultation with 
the Chairman of the Commission shall convene a regular session of 
the Commission at least once a year. Special sessions may be 
convened by the Director-General in consultation with the Chairman 
of the Commission, if so requested by the Commission in regular 
sessions or by at least one-third of the Members during intervals 
between regular sessions.

6. The Director-General of the Organization or a representative 
designated by him shall have the right to participate without vote 
in all meetings of the Commission and of the Executive Committee.


Article VI

OBSERVERS AND CONSULTANTS

1. Participation of international organizations in the work of the 
Commission and the relations between the Commission and such 
organizations shall be governed by the relevant provisions of the 
Constitution and the General Rules of the Organization as well as 
by the rules on relations with international organizations adopted 
by the Conference or Council of the Organization. All such 
relations shall be dealt with by the Director-General of the 
Organization.

2. Member Nations and Associate Members of the Organization that 
are not Members of the Commission may, upon their request, be 
represented by an observer at sessions of the Commission.

3. States which, while not Members of the Commission, nor Members 
or Associate Members of the Organization, are Members of the 
United Nations, any of its Specialized Agencies or the 
International Atomic Energy Agency may, upon request and subject 
to the concurrence of the Executive Committee and to the 
provisions relating to the granting of observer status to nations 
adopted by the Conference of the Organization, be invited to 
attend sessions of the Commission in an observer capacity.

4. The Commission may invite consultants or experts to attend its 
sessions. The Executive Committee may also invite consultants or 
experts to attend its sessions or those of the Commission.


Article VII

SECRETARIAT

The Director-General of the Organization shall provide the 
Secretary and staff of the Commission, who, for administrative 
purposes, shall be responsible to him. They shall be appointed 
under the same terms and conditions as the staff of the 
Organization.


Article VIII

THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

1. There shall be an Executive Committee composed of five Members 
of the Commission, elected by the Commission at each of its 
regular sessions. Members of the Executive Committee shall be 
eligible for re-election. The representative of each Member of the 
Executive Committee should preferably be a Locust Specialist. The 
Chairman of the Executive Committee shall be elected by the 
Commission from amongst the representatives of Members of the 
Committee. He shall hold office until the next regular session of 
the Commission and shall be eligible for re-election.

2. The Executive Committee shall meet at least once between any 
two successive regular sessions of the Commission. The Chairman of 
the Executive Committee shall, in consultation with the Chairman 
of the Commission and the Director-General of the Organization, 
convene sessions of the Committee.

3. The Secretary of the Commission shall act as Secretary of the 
Executive Committee.


Article IX

FUNCTIONS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

The Executive Committee shall:

a) make proposals to the Commission concerning policy matters and 
the programme of activities;

b) ensure the implementation of the policies and programmes 
approved by the Commission;

c) submit draft programmes of work and budget and annual accounts 
to the Commission;

d) prepare the draft annual report on the activities of the 
Commission and for transmission to the Director-General of the 
Organization;

e) carry out such other functions as the Commission may delegate 
to it.


Article X

 The Commission may, by a two-thirds majority of its membership, 
adopt and amend its own Rule of Procedure which shall be 
consistent with the General Rules of the Organization. The Rules 
of Procedure of the Commission and any amendments thereto shall 
come into force upon approval by the Director-General of the 
Organization, and as from the date of such approval.


Article XI

FINANCE

1. Each Member of the Commission undertakes to contribute annually 
its share of the Budget in accordance with a scale of 
contributions to be adopted by a two-thirds majority of the 
membership of the Commission. Contributions by Members shall be 
made in cash.

2. The Commission may also accept contributions and donations from 
other sources.

3. Contributions shall be payable in currencies to be determined 
by the Commission after consultation with each Member and with the 
concurrence of the Director-General of the Organization.

4. All contributions and donations received shall be placed in a 
Trust Fund administered by the Director-General of the 
Organization in conformity with the Financial Regulations of the 
Organization.


Article XII 

EXPENSES

1. The expenses of the Commission shall be paid out of its Budget 
except those relating to such staff and facilities which may be 
made available by the Organization. The expenses to be borne by 
the Organization shall be determined and paid within the limits of 
an annual budget prepared by the Director-General and approved by 
the Conference of the Organization in accordance with the 
Constitution, General Rules and the Financial Regulations of the 
Organization.

2. Expenses incurred by delegates of Members of the Commission and 
of their alternates and advisers, when attending sessions of the 
Commission, as well as the expenses incurred by observers, shall 
be borne by the respective governments or organizations. Expenses 
incurred by the representative of each Member of the Executive 
Committee when attending sessions of the Executive Committee shall 
be borne by the Commission.

3. Expenses of consultants or experts invited to attend sessions 
or participate in the work of the Commission or the Executive 
Committee shall be borne by the Commission.

4. The expenses of the Secretariat shall be borne by the 
Organization.


Article XIII

AMENDMENTS

1. This Agreement may be amended by a two-thirds majority of the 
membership of the Commission.

2. Proposals for amendments may be made by any Member of the 
Commission or by the Director-General of the Organization. 
Proposals made by a Member of the Commission shall be addressed to 
both the Chairman of the Commission and the Director-General of 
the Organization and those made by the Director-General of the 
Organization shall be addressed to the Chairman of the Commission, 
not later than 120 days before the Session of the Commission at 
which the proposal is to be considered. The Director-General shall 
immediately inform all Members of the Commission of all proposals 
for amendments.

3. Any amendment to this Agreement shall require the approval of 
the Council of the Organization unless the Council considers it 
desirable to refer the amendment to the Conference of the 
Organization for approval.

4. Amendments not involving new obligations for Members of the 
Commission shall take effect from the date of the approval by the 
Council or Conference of the Organization, as appropriate.

5. Amendments involving new obligations for Members of the 
Commission shall, after approval by the Conference or Council of 
the Organization, come into force in respect of each Member only 
upon acceptance by it. The instruments of acceptance of amendments 
involving new obligations shall be deposited with the Director 
General of the Organization. The Director General shall inform all 
Members of the Commission and the Secretary-General of the United 
Nations of such acceptance. The rights and obligations of any 
Member of the Commission that has not accepted an amendment 
involving new obligations shall continue to be governed by the 
provisions of the Agreement in force prior to the amendment.

6. The Director-General of the Organization shall inform all 
Members of the Commission, all Members and Associate Members of 
the Organization and the Secretary-General of the United Nations 
of the entry into force of any amendment.


Article XIV

ACCEPTANCE

1. Acceptance of this Agreement by any Member or Associate Member 
of the Organization shall be effected by the deposit of an 
instrument of acceptance with the Director-General of the 
Organization and shall take effect on receipt of such instrument 
by the Director-General.

2. Acceptance of this Agreement by non-Member Nations of the 
Organization shall become effective on the date on which the 
Commission approves the application for membership in conformity 
with the provisions of Article 1 of this Agreement.

3. The Director-General of the Organization shall inform all 
Members of the Commission, all Members and Associate Members of 
the Organization and the Secretary-General of the United Nations 
of all acceptances that have become effective.

4. Acceptance of this Agreement may be made subject to 
reservations which shall become effective only upon unanimous 
approval by the Members of the Commission. The Director-General of 
the Organization shall notify forthwith all Members of the 
Commission of any reservations. Members of the Commission not 
having replied within three months from the date of the 
notification shall be deemed to have accepted the reservation. 
Failing such approval, the nation making the reservation shall not 
become a party to this Agreement.


Article XY

TERRITORIAL APPLICATION

The Members of the Commission shall, when accepting this 
Agreement, state explicity to which territories their 
participation shall extend. In the absence of such a declaration, 
participation shall be deemed to apply to all the territories for 
the international relations of which the Member is responsible. 
Subject to the provisions of Article XVII-2, the scope of the 
territorial application may be modified by a subsequent 
declaration.


Article XVI

INTERPRETATION AND SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES

Any dispute regarding the interpretation or application of this 
Agreement, if not settled by the Commission, shall be referred to 
a Committee composed of one member appointed by each of the 
parties to the dispute, and in addition an independent chairman 
chosen by the members of the Committee. The recommendations of 
such a Committee, while not binding in character, shall become the 
basis for renewed consideration by the parties concerned of the 
matter out of which the disagreement arose. If as the result of 
this procedure the dispute is not settled, it shall be referred to 
the International Court of Justice in accordance with the Statute 
of the Court, unless the parties to the dispute agree to another 
method of settlement.


Article XVII

WITHDRAWAL

1. Any Member may withdraw from the Commission at any time after 
the expiration of one year from the date on which its acceptance 
took effect or from the date on which the Agreement entered into 
force, whichever is the later, by giving written notice of 
withdrawal to both the Chairman of the Commission and the 
Director-General of the Organization. The Director-General shall 
forthwith inform all Members of the Commission, all Member Nations 
and Associate Members of the Organization and the Secretary-
General of the United Nations of the receipt of any notice of 
withdrawal. The withdrawal shall become effective one year from 
the date of receipt by the Director-General of the Organization of 
the notification of withdrawal.

2. A Member of the Commission may give notice of withdrawal with 
respect to one or more of the territories for the international 
relations of which it is responsible. When a Member gives notice 
of its own withdrawal from the Commission, it shall state to which 
territory or territories the wirthdrawal is to apply. In the 
absence of such a declaration, the withdrawal shall be deemed to 
apply to all the territories for the international relations of 
which the Member of the Commission is responsible, except that 
such withdrawal shall not be deemed to apply to an Associate 
Member.

3. Any Member of the Commission that gives notice of withdrawal 
from the Organization shall be deemed to apply to all the 
territories for the international relations of which the Member 
concerned is responsible, except that such withdrawal shall not be 
deemed to apply to an Associate Member.


Article XVIII

TERMINATION

1. This Agreement shall be considered terminated if and when the 
number of Members of the Commission falls below three, unless the 
remaining two Members of the Commission decide to continue, with 
the approval of the Conference of the Organization. The Director-
General of the Organization shall inform all Members of the 
Commission, all Members and Associate Members of the Organization 
and the Secretary-General of the United Nations of such 
termination.

2. On termination of the Agreement all assests of the Commission 
shall be liquidated by the Director-General of the Organization 
and after settlement of the liabilites the balance shall be 
distributed proportionately amongst Members on the basis of the 
scale of contributions in force at the time. Nations whose 
contributions are in arrears for two consecutive years shall not 
be entitled to a share of the assests.


Article XIX

ENTRY INTO FORCE

1. This Agreement shall enter into force as soon as three eligible 
Members or Associate Members of the Organization have become 
parties to it by the deposit of an instrument of acceptance in 
accordance with the provisions of Article XIV of this Agreement.

2. The Director-General shall notify all Nations having deposited 
instruments of acceptance as well as all Member Nations and 
Associate Members of the Organization and the Secretary-General of 
the United Nations of the date on which this Agreeement comes into 
force.


Article XX

AUTHENTIC LANGUAGES

The English, French and Spanish texts of this Agreement shall be 
equally authentic.