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Environmental Treaties and Resource Indicators (ENTRI) -- Full Text

Summary of the "Convention for the Conservation and Management of the Vicuna" is available from the UNEP Register of International Treaties and Other Agreements in the Field of the Environment.

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Lima, 20 December 1979

The Governments of the Republics of Bolivia, Chile, 
Ecuador and Peru, with the objective of continuing to 
promote the conservation and management of the vicuna, 
and taking into account the experience acquired through 
the implementation of the Convention for the 
Conservation of the Vicuna, signed at La Paz on August 
16th, 1969, have decided that it is necessary to draft a 
new Convention for the Conservation and Management of 
the Vicuna, in the following terms:

Article 1

The Signatory Governments agree that conservation of 
the vicuna provides an economic production alternative 
for the benefit of the Andean population and commit 
themselves to its gradual use under strict State 
control, applying such technical methods for the 
management of wildlife as the competent official 
authorities may determine.

Article 2

The Signatory Governments prohibit the hunting and 
illegal trade of the vicuna, its products and 
derivatives within the territory of their respective 

Article 3

The Signatory Governments prohibit internal and 
external trade of the vicuna, its products in their 
natural state and those manufactured therefrom up to 
December 31st, 1989. In case any of the Parties hereto 
reaches a vicuna population level, which in terms of 
management would allow the production of meat, viscera 
and bones, as well as the processing of skins and wool 
into cloth, it may proceed to their trade under strict 
State control. Trade in processed skins and in cloth may 
be carried out using marks and wefts which are 
internationally recognizable, registered and/or 
patented, after coordination with the Parties through 
the Technical-Administrative Commission of the present 
Convention and in coordination with the Convention on 
International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna 
and Flora (Washington, 1973).

Article 4

The Signatory Governments prohibit the export of 
fertile vicunas, semen or other reproductive material, 
with the exception of those destined to one of the 
member countries for the purpose of research and/or 

Article 5

The Signatory Governments undertake to maintain and 
develop national parks and reserves and other protected 
areas containing vicuna populations, and to extend the 
areas of repopulation managed as wildland areas, as a 
matter of priority and always under State control.

Article 6

The Signatory Governments agree to continue 
comprehensive research on the vicuna, including 
bioecological, socio-economic and other aspects. 
Likewise, they commit themselves to an active 
interchange of information through the Multinational 
Center for Documentation with headquarters in the 
Republic of Bolivia.

Article 7

The Signatory Governments agree to provide to each 
other technical assistance for management and 
repopulation of the vicuna, including the training of 
personnel, as well as dissemination and extension 
activities aimed at the conservation and management of 
the species.

Article 8

In order to evaluate the implementation of the Con-
vention, to keep the Parties informed and to recommend 
solutions for problems resulting from its application, 
the Signatory Governments agree to create the Technical-
Administrative Commission of this Convention composed of 
representatives of each of the countries. The Commission 
shall meet annually and its Statutes shall be approved 
at its first meeting.

Article 9

With a view to facilitating the application and 
interpretation of the present Convention, the Parties 
agree to define the following terms:

Conservation: Action aimed at management and use of the 

Management: The application of methods to increase the 
vicuna population until the grazing capacity 
of a specific region, zone or area has been 
reached, and thereafter to maintain a 
balance between those two factors, employing 
technically accepted methods, such as the 
translocation and/or culling of vicunas.

Use:        The utilization of vicuna wool through 
shearing or from slaughtered animals, as well 
as the meat, skin, viscera and other 
derivatives. This term also comprises the 
indirect utilization of the vicuna for 
tourism, scientific and cultural purposes.

Culling:    Slaughter of vicunas through appropriate 
methods, including the slaughter with 
firearms of sick animals, older specimens, 
unpaired males and, in justifiable cases, of 
family groups.

Poaching:   The elimination, slaughtering or capture of 
vicunas without control or authorization from 
the competent State authority.

Illegal trade: Any form of transaction relating to 
vicuna and/or its products (sale, barter, 
import, export, transport, etc.) without 
control or authorization from the competent 
State authority.

Skin:       Hide of the vicuna and its wool.

Hide:       Skin of the vicuna without its wool.

Article 10

The present Convention shall enter into force 
provisionally on the date of its signature and finally 
from the moment when the third instrument of 
ratification is deposited with the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs of Peru, Depositary of the Convention, which 
shall communicate it to the other Parties.

For the other Signatory Governments the provisional 
application of this Convention shall continue until such 
time as they deposit their respective ratification 

Article 11

Any Contracting Party that wishes to withdraw from this 
Convention, shall communicate its intention to the other 
Parties through a Diplomatic Note addressed to the 
Depositary. Withdrawal shall be effective one year from 
the date on which the Depositary notifies the 
withdrawing Government that it has communicated its 
decision to the other Parties.

Article 12

This Convention shall remain open only for signature by 
the Republic of Argentina, being a Party to the 
Convention for the Conservation of the Vicuna, signed at 
La Paz in 1969.

Article 13

Due to its specific nature. the present Convention 
shall not be open for accession by other countries.

In witness whereof the Plenipotentiaries duly 
accredited, have signed the present Convention.

Done in Spanish, in the city of Lima on this 20th day 
of December 1979.