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Mexico Summary

Population 2000 (NSO-Based Estimate '000) 97,385   Population 2000 (UN '000) 98,872
Area (km2) 1,943,018   Avg. Input Resolution (km) 28
Number of Administrative Units 2,414   Population Per Administrative Unit ('000) 40
Number of Urban Extents 483   Number of Settlement Points 786

Mexico Details

Continent North America
Country Name Mexico
Administrative Classifications
Level Used 2.0
Leve1 Type Estado
Level2 Type Municipio
Number of Units 2,414
Population Per Unit ('000) (2000, estimate) 40
National Population Estimates
Last Year of Reference 2000
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1990 ('000) 81,217
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1995 ('000) 88,523
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 2000 ('000) 97,385
UN Population, 1990 ('000) 83,223
UN Population, 1995 ('000) 91,138
UN Population, 2000 ('000) 98,872
National Spatial Estimates
Area (km2) 1,943,018
Average Input Resolution (km) 28
Settlement Points
Number of Settlement Points 786
Largest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 18,476,438
Smallest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 2,092
Mean Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 104,137
Urban Areal Extents
Number of Urban Extents 483
Largest Urban Extent (km2) 4,427
Smallest Urban Extent (km2) 1
Mean Urban Extent (km2) 213
Total for All Urban Extent (km2) 102,842
Largest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 16,605,624
Smallest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 1,108
Mean Urban Extent (population, 2000) 126,646
Total for All Urban Extent (population, 2000) 61,170,027
% Total Land Area in Urban Extents (km2) 5%
% Total Population in Urban Extents (2000, estimate) 61%
% Total Population that is Urban (2001, UN World Urbanization Prospects) 75%
Urban Areal Extents, by Source
Nighttime Lights Data 751
Regression-estimated Extents 8
Digital Chart of the World 0
Other 0
Administrative Population Source Data:
1990 and 2000 municpio data downloaded from SIMBAD, 28 April 2004; Database: Base de Datos Municipal INEGI from .
Administrative Boundary Source Data:
Mapa Geoestadistico. Secretaria de Programacion y Presupuesto (S.P.P.). 1981. Escala 1:1000000 con informacion del X Censo de Poblacion y Vivienda de 1980. 4 hojas (pages): Norte, Centro, Noroeste y Sudeste. The Oaxaca internal boundaries from CIESIN''s Georeferenced Population Datasets of Mexico - GIS Coverage of Mexican Localities,
Settlement Point Population Source Data:
Celade, Latin American and Caribbean Demographic Centre (CELADE) - Population Division of Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean; City Population,; INEGI, (blank); INEGI,; World Gazetteer,
Settlement Point Coordinate Source Data:
Getty, INEGI, Map, NIMA, World Gazetteer
Urban Criteria for Settlements (UN):
Localities with 2,500 inhabitants or more.
Administrative Population Edits and Notes:
Based on the comparisons between the boundary data and INEGI''s interactive map (, recent boundary divisions were accomodated in the following attribution of population: ? In Aguascalientes, the populations of El Llano and San Francisco de los Romo are added to the municipio Aguascalientes. ? In Baja California, population of Playas de Rosarito added to Tijuana. ? In Baja California Sur, population of Loreto added to Comondu; population of Los Cabos added to La Paz. ? In Campeche, population of Calakmul added to Chamopoton; population of Candelaria added to Carmen; Escarcega, Carmen and Chamopoton are merged and assigned a single, total population value. ? In Chiapas, population of Aldama added to Chenalho; populations of Benemerito de las Americas and Marques de Comillas are added to Ocosingo; population of Maravilla Tenejapa added to Las Margaritas; population of Montecristo de Guerrero added to Angel Albino Corzo; population of San Andres Duraznal added to Simojovel; and population of Santiago el Pinar added to San Adres Larrainzal; population of Union Juarez added to Cacahoatan; population of San Juan Cancuc added to Sitalla. ? In Guerrero, population of Acatepec added to Zapotitlan Tablas. ? In Mexico, population of Valle de Chalco Solidaridad added to Ixtapaluca. ? In Quintna Roo, population Solidaridad added to Cozumel. ? In San Luis Potosi, population of Matlapa added to Tamazunchale; and population of El Naranjo added to Ciudad de Maiz. ? In Sonora, populations of San Ignacio Rio Muerto and Benito Juarez are added to Huatabampo. ? In Tlaxcala: o population of Benito Juarez added to Sanctorum de Lazaro Cardenas; o populations of Emiliano Zapata and Lazaro Cardenas added to Terrenate; o populations of La Magdalena Tlaltelulco and San Francisco Tetlanohcan are added to Chiautempan; o populations of San Jeronimo Zacualpan and San Juan Huactzinco added to Tetlatlahuca; population of San Jose Teacalco added to Cuaxomulco; o population of San Lorenzo Axocomanitla added to Zacatelco; o population of San Lucas Tecopilco added to Xalcotan; o poulation of Santa Ana Nopalucan added to Ixtacuixtla de Mariano Matamoros; o population of Santa Apolonia Teacalco added to Nativitas; populations of Santa Catarina Ayometla and Santa Cruz Quilehtla are added to Xicohtzingo; o population of Santa Isabel Xiloxoxtla added to Tepeyanco; San Damian Texoloc, Panotla, Tetlahuca and Tlaxcala are merged and assigned a single, total population value. ? In Veracruz Llave, population of Carlos A. Carrillo added to Cosamaloapan; Tatahuicapan de Juarez, Soteapan, and Mecayapan are merged and asssigned a single, total population value; population of Tres Valles added to Tierra Blanca; Uxnapa, Las Choapas, Minatitilan and Hidalgotitlan are merged and assigned a single, total population; population of El Hidalgo added to Tempoal; population of Lerdo de Tejada added to Alvarado; population of Agua Dulce added to Coatzacoalcos; and population of Nanchital de Lazaro Cardenas del Rio added to Ixhuatlan del Ssureste. ? In Zacatecas, population of Trancoso are added to Guadalupe. ? In Chihuahua, population of Gomez Farias added to Temosachi. ? In Nayarit, population of Bahia de Banderas added to Compostella. ? In Sinaloa, population of Navolato added to Culiacan. A 5% growth rate cap was applied to select units.
Administrative Spatial Edits and Notes:
The Estado of Oaxaca was taken from a different source and merged with the rest of the Mexico estados