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Romania Summary

Population 2000 (NSO-Based Estimate '000) 21,768   Population 2000 (UN '000) 22,438
Area (km2) 237,057   Avg. Input Resolution (km) 9
Number of Administrative Units 2,935   Population Per Administrative Unit ('000) 7
Number of Urban Extents 308   Number of Settlement Points 864

Romania Details

Continent Europe
Country Name Romania
Administrative Classifications
Level Used 3.0
Leve1 Type Judetul
Level2 Type Municipul
Level3 Type Commune
Number of Units 2,935
Population Per Unit ('000) (2000, estimate) 7
National Population Estimates
Last Year of Reference 2002
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1990 ('000) 22,884
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1995 ('000) 22,317
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 2000 ('000) 21,768
UN Population, 1990 ('000) 23,207
UN Population, 1995 ('000) 22,681
UN Population, 2000 ('000) 22,438
National Spatial Estimates
Area (km2) 237,057
Average Input Resolution (km) 9
Settlement Points
Number of Settlement Points 864
Largest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 1,950,063
Smallest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 4,176
Mean Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 18,254
Urban Areal Extents
Number of Urban Extents 308
Largest Urban Extent (km2) 774
Smallest Urban Extent (km2) 3
Mean Urban Extent (km2) 51
Total for All Urban Extent (km2) 15,699
Largest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 2,208,362
Smallest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 5,010
Mean Urban Extent (population, 2000) 41,302
Total for All Urban Extent (population, 2000) 12,720,899
% Total Land Area in Urban Extents (km2) 7%
% Total Population in Urban Extents (2000, estimate) 58%
% Total Population that is Urban (2001, UN World Urbanization Prospects) 55%
Urban Areal Extents, by Source
Nighttime Lights Data 226
Regression-estimated Extents 325
Digital Chart of the World 73
Other 0
Administrative Population Source Data:
1992 Municipul and 2002 Commune/Municipul population data from Recensamant 2002 (Census 2002), Institutul Nacional de Statistica, Romania:
Administrative Boundary Source Data:
Second Administrative Level Boundaries (SALB), United Nations, .
Settlement Point Population Source Data:
Romania 2002 Census,; World Gazetteer,
Settlement Point Coordinate Source Data:
World Gazetteer
Urban Criteria for Settlements (UN):
Cities, towns and 183 other localities having certain urban socio-economic character-istics.
Administrative Population Edits and Notes:
Mismatch problems between the population data and the boundary data led the following Communes (administrative level 3 units) to be dropped from the population data because we have no boundaries nor information about their location: Ciugud (in Alba); Cosesti and Mioveni (in Arges); Buchin (in Caras-Severin); Costinesti and Ghindaresti (in Constanta); Vale Mare (in Covasna); Rovinari (in Gorj); Gen. Berthelot (in Hunedoara); Poienelei Izei (in Maramures); Cornu (in Prahova); Treznea (in Salaj); and Silistea (in Teleorman). The total population of these units are 77, 162, about 0.35% of the total population of Romania in 2002. There are also Communes were population data is not available, and were therefore assigned a population of zero (0): Sintea Mare (in Arad); Colibasi (in Arges); Sinteu (in Bihor); Sintereag (in Bistrita Nasaud); Cernele (in Dolj); Unirea (in Hunedoara); and Goranu (in Valcea). The Municipal growth rates between census years 1992 and 2002 applied to 2002 Commune population to extrapolate to target years.
Administrative Spatial Edits and Notes: