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Eritrea Summary

Population 2000 (NSO-Based Estimate '000) 3,576   Population 2000 (UN '000) 3,659
Area (km2) 121,863   Avg. Input Resolution (km) 57
Number of Administrative Units 38   Population Per Administrative Unit ('000) 94
Number of Urban Extents 11   Number of Settlement Points 9

Eritrea Details

Continent Africa
Country Name Eritrea
Administrative Classifications
Level Used 2.0
Leve1 Type Region
Level2 Type Awraja
Number of Units 38
Population Per Unit ('000) (2000, estimate) 94
National Population Estimates
Last Year of Reference 1984
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1990 ('000) 3,033
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1995 ('000) 3,293
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 2000 ('000) 3,576
UN Population, 1990 ('000) 3,103
UN Population, 1995 ('000) 3,189
UN Population, 2000 ('000) 3,659
National Spatial Estimates
Area (km2) 121,863
Average Input Resolution (km) 57
Settlement Points
Number of Settlement Points 9
Largest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 441,752
Smallest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 4,010
Mean Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 46,596
Urban Areal Extents
Number of Urban Extents 11
Largest Urban Extent (km2) 131
Smallest Urban Extent (km2) 9
Mean Urban Extent (km2) 33
Total for All Urban Extent (km2) 368
Largest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 437,744
Smallest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 5,597
Mean Urban Extent (population, 2000) 52,951
Total for All Urban Extent (population, 2000) 582,458
% Total Land Area in Urban Extents (km2) 0%
% Total Population in Urban Extents (2000, estimate) 16%
% Total Population that is Urban (2001, UN World Urbanization Prospects) 19%
Urban Areal Extents, by Source
Nighttime Lights Data 7
Regression-estimated Extents 5
Digital Chart of the World 1
Other 1
Administrative Population Source Data:
Estimates of population in 1990 were based on the Census of Ethiopia 1984, Digital File obtained from EROS Data Center through the Int''l Livestock Research Institute; contains population figures for 3rd level administrative units (2nd level for Eritrea);
Administrative Boundary Source Data:
GIS coverage produced by USGS/EDC USAID/FEWS and obtained through the International Livestock Research Institute. UNEP/GRID-WRI-NCGIA Africa Population Database:
Settlement Point Population Source Data:
City Population,; World Gazetteer,
Settlement Point Coordinate Source Data:
NIMA, World Gazetteer
Urban Criteria for Settlements (UN):
Localities with 2,000 inhabitants or more.
Administrative Population Edits and Notes:
Population data were extrapolated to target years using growth rates derived from United Nations national level estimates and projections.
Administrative Spatial Edits and Notes: