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Kenya Summary

Population 2000 (NSO-Based Estimate '000) 29,519   Population 2000 (UN '000) 30,669
Area (km2) 579,617   Avg. Input Resolution (km) 9
Number of Administrative Units 6,624   Population Per Administrative Unit ('000) 4
Number of Urban Extents 72   Number of Settlement Points 77

Kenya Details

Continent Africa
Country Name Kenya
Administrative Classifications
Level Used 5.0
Leve1 Type Province
Level2 Type District
Level3 Type Division
Level4 Type Locations
Level5 Type Sub-locations
Number of Units 6,624
Population Per Unit ('000) (2000, estimate) 4
National Population Estimates
Last Year of Reference 1999
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1990 ('000) 22,260
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1995 ('000) 25,607
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 2000 ('000) 29,519
UN Population, 1990 ('000) 23,574
UN Population, 1995 ('000) 27,315
UN Population, 2000 ('000) 30,669
National Spatial Estimates
Area (km2) 579,617
Average Input Resolution (km) 9
Settlement Points
Number of Settlement Points 77
Largest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 2,212,640
Smallest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 1,037
Mean Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 65,696
Urban Areal Extents
Number of Urban Extents 72
Largest Urban Extent (km2) 1,196
Smallest Urban Extent (km2) 3
Mean Urban Extent (km2) 58
Total for All Urban Extent (km2) 4,172
Largest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 2,904,984
Smallest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 1,255
Mean Urban Extent (population, 2000) 82,179
Total for All Urban Extent (population, 2000) 5,916,880
% Total Land Area in Urban Extents (km2) 1%
% Total Population in Urban Extents (2000, estimate) 19%
% Total Population that is Urban (2001, UN World Urbanization Prospects) 34%
Urban Areal Extents, by Source
Nighttime Lights Data 66
Regression-estimated Extents 32
Digital Chart of the World 0
Other 1
Administrative Population Source Data:
1999 Population Census, Kenyan Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS); see; and Kenya Government (undated), Census of Kenya 1989, Digital File
Administrative Boundary Source Data:
Kenyan Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), .
Settlement Point Population Source Data:
1989 Kenya Population Census Analytical Report, UN Statistical Library; 1999 Kenya Population and Housing Census - Volume I, Census Bureau; 1999 Kenya Population and Housing Census - Volume I, Hardcopy at CIESIN; AFCities, Data provided by Uwe Deichman at the World Bank
Settlement Point Coordinate Source Data:
NIMA, Times Atlas of the World, 1
Urban Criteria for Settlements (UN):
Towns with 2,000 inhabitants or more.
Administrative Population Edits and Notes:
A district (administrative level 2) growth rate (1989?1999) used to project Sublocation (adminstrative level 5) 1999 population to target years. 1999 districts related to 1989 districts based on data from IPUMS (
Administrative Spatial Edits and Notes:
The Ilemi Triangle belongs to Sudan by treaty but is administered by Kenya. According to a recent paper by Collins, SPLM/SPLA, the rebel group that controls Southern Sudan, probably quietly ceded the territory to Kenya.