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Myanmar Summary

Population 2000 (NSO-Based Estimate '000) 46,979   Population 2000 (UN '000) 47,749
Area (km2) 669,310   Avg. Input Resolution (km) 49
Number of Administrative Units 284   Population Per Administrative Unit ('000) 165
Number of Urban Extents 90   Number of Settlement Points 64

Myanmar Details

Continent Asia
Country Name Myanmar
Administrative Classifications
Level Used 2.0
Leve1 Type State
Level2 Type Towns
Number of Units 284
Population Per Unit ('000) (2000, estimate) 165
National Population Estimates
Last Year of Reference 1997
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1990 ('000) 38,942
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1995 ('000) 42,770
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 2000 ('000) 46,979
UN Population, 1990 ('000) 40,517
UN Population, 1995 ('000) 44,352
UN Population, 2000 ('000) 47,749
National Spatial Estimates
Area (km2) 669,310
Average Input Resolution (km) 49
Settlement Points
Number of Settlement Points 64
Largest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 4,085,412
Smallest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 36,701
Mean Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 163,069
Urban Areal Extents
Number of Urban Extents 90
Largest Urban Extent (km2) 761
Smallest Urban Extent (km2) 0
Mean Urban Extent (km2) 77
Total for All Urban Extent (km2) 6,959
Largest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 4,070,614
Smallest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 1,106
Mean Urban Extent (population, 2000) 119,504
Total for All Urban Extent (population, 2000) 10,755,349
% Total Land Area in Urban Extents (km2) 1%
% Total Population in Urban Extents (2000, estimate) 23%
% Total Population that is Urban (2001, UN World Urbanization Prospects) 28%
Urban Areal Extents, by Source
Nighttime Lights Data 148
Regression-estimated Extents 23
Digital Chart of the World 2
Other 0
Administrative Population Source Data:
Township (administrative 2 level) population data for 1983 population data at township were accessed via: The Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma, 1983 Population Census, Ministry of Home and Religious Affairs, Immigration and Manpower Department, October 1987. State (administrative 1 level) population data for 1983, 1985 and 1990?1997 were accessed via: the Statistical Yearbook 2000, The Government of the Union of Myanmar, Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development, Central Statistical Organization, Yangoon, Myanmar 2000.
Administrative Boundary Source Data:
Boundary data were obtained from Birkbeck College, London and initially prepared for the UNEP/GRID-WRI-NCGIA Asia Population Database: .
Settlement Point Population Source Data:
World Gazetteer,
Settlement Point Coordinate Source Data:
NIMA, World Gazetteer
Urban Criteria for Settlements (UN):
Not available.
Administrative Population Edits and Notes:
Although the State (administrative 1 level) population data for 1985 and 1990?1997 were based on the 1983 census, the 1983 census was not directly used for computing growth rates. It is believed that artifically high rates are produced when the 1983 census is incorporated into the calculations. This is partially because the state of Kawthulei (Karen) had a population that doubled from 1983 (633,000) to 1985 (1,109,000), but from 1985 the increase in population is gradual. Also, it was reported that there were approximately 1,183,005 persons residing in inaccessible areas during the 1983 census, Kawthulei may have been one of these areas. Thus growth rate at level 1 from 1985 to 1997 were applied to 1983 level 2 population to estimate 1990, 1995 and 2000.
Administrative Spatial Edits and Notes: