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Australia Summary

Population 2000 (NSO-Based Estimate '000) 18,724   Population 2000 (UN '000) 19,138
Area (km2) 7,634,648   Avg. Input Resolution (km) 76
Number of Administrative Units 1,329   Population Per Administrative Unit ('000) 14
Number of Urban Extents 157   Number of Settlement Points 224

Australia Details

Continent Oceania
Country Name Australia
Administrative Classifications
Level Used 4.0
Leve1 Type State
Level2 Type Statistical Divisions
Level3 Type Statistical Subdivisions
Level4 Type Statistical Local Area (SLA)
Number of Units 1,329
Population Per Unit ('000) (2000, estimate) 14
National Population Estimates
Last Year of Reference 2001
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1990 ('000) 16,643
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1995 ('000) 17,660
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 2000 ('000) 18,724
UN Population, 1990 ('000) 16,888
UN Population, 1995 ('000) 18,072
UN Population, 2000 ('000) 19,138
National Spatial Estimates
Area (km2) 7,634,648
Average Input Resolution (km) 76
Settlement Points
Number of Settlement Points 224
Largest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 4,098,479
Smallest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 1,272
Mean Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 80,936
Urban Areal Extents
Number of Urban Extents 157
Largest Urban Extent (km2) 3,137
Smallest Urban Extent (km2) 3
Mean Urban Extent (km2) 235
Total for All Urban Extent (km2) 36,836
Largest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 3,047,077
Smallest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 1,145
Mean Urban Extent (population, 2000) 93,462
Total for All Urban Extent (population, 2000) 14,673,509
% Total Land Area in Urban Extents (km2) 0%
% Total Population in Urban Extents (2000, estimate) 77%
% Total Population that is Urban (2001, UN World Urbanization Prospects) 91%
Urban Areal Extents, by Source
Nighttime Lights Data 190
Regression-estimated Extents 4
Digital Chart of the World 1
Other 0
Administrative Population Source Data:
1996 census data for Statistical Local Area (SLA) population obtained from ESRI Australia, State Level Population data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics: * 2001 population from 2001 Census Basic Community Profiles and Snapshots, * 1996 population from 1996 Census of Population and Housing - Basic Community Profiles, sitedbs/d3310108.nsf/f9996d24c8f22d024a256500001c8576/569af0d15c2201964a2565010007a32f!OpenDocument
Administrative Boundary Source Data:
ESRI Australia, .
Settlement Point Population Source Data:
Australian Demographic Statistics 2003, UN Statistical Library, hard copy; City Population,;World Gazetteer,
Settlement Point Coordinate Source Data:
Map, NIMA, World Gazetteer
Urban Criteria for Settlements (UN):
One or more census divisions with urban characteristics and representing a cluster of 1,000 people or more as well as known holiday re-sorts of less population if they contain 250 dwell-ings or more of which at least 100 were occupied on census night.
Administrative Population Edits and Notes:
1990 and 1995 population values based on SLA figures for 1996 and population for Statistical Subdivisions for 1991 obtained from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, . The State level growth rate, between census years 1996-2001, are calculated and applied to the 1995 SLA estimated population to extrapolate to target years.
Administrative Spatial Edits and Notes: