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Peru Summary

Population 2000 (NSO-Based Estimate '000) 24,227   Population 2000 (UN '000) 25,662
Area (km2) 1,289,475   Avg. Input Resolution (km) 27
Number of Administrative Units 1,800   Population Per Administrative Unit ('000) 13
Number of Urban Extents 171   Number of Settlement Points 644

Peru Details

Continent South America
Country Name Peru
Administrative Classifications
Level Used 3.0
Leve1 Type Departamento
Level2 Type Provincia
Level3 Type Distrito
Number of Units 1,800
Population Per Unit ('000) (2000, estimate) 13
National Population Estimates
Last Year of Reference 2000
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1990 ('000) 18,327
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1995 ('000) 21,058
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 2000 ('000) 24,227
UN Population, 1990 ('000) 21,569
UN Population, 1995 ('000) 23,532
UN Population, 2000 ('000) 25,662
National Spatial Estimates
Area (km2) 1,289,475
Average Input Resolution (km) 27
Settlement Points
Number of Settlement Points 644
Largest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 674,481
Smallest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 1,194
Mean Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 25,095
Urban Areal Extents
Number of Urban Extents 171
Largest Urban Extent (km2) 2,035
Smallest Urban Extent (km2) 1
Mean Urban Extent (km2) 97
Total for All Urban Extent (km2) 16,609
Largest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 6,949,798
Smallest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 1,224
Mean Urban Extent (population, 2000) 90,595
Total for All Urban Extent (population, 2000) 15,491,679
% Total Land Area in Urban Extents (km2) 1%
% Total Population in Urban Extents (2000, estimate) 60%
% Total Population that is Urban (2001, UN World Urbanization Prospects) 73%
Urban Areal Extents, by Source
Nighttime Lights Data 178
Regression-estimated Extents 276
Digital Chart of the World 0
Other 0
Administrative Population Source Data:
2000 population estimates and 1993 poulation census data provided by the Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informatica, INEI. ---Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informatica, INEI. "Poblacion nominalmente censada, por areas urbana y rural y sexo, segun Provincia y Distrito: 1993" []
Administrative Boundary Source Data:
Instituto Geografico Nacional. 1984. Mapa Fisico Politico del Peru. Proyeccion Mercator Transversa. Escala: 1:1000000. 4 hojas.
Settlement Point Population Source Data:
CELADE, Latin American and Caribbean Demographic Centre (CELADE) - Population Division of Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean; City Population,;World Gazetteer,
Settlement Point Coordinate Source Data:
Celade, Map, NIMA, World Gazetteer
Urban Criteria for Settlements (UN):
Populated centres with 100 dwell-ings or more grouped contiguously and administra-tive centres of districts.
Administrative Population Edits and Notes:
Departamento level growth rate from 1993 to 2000 applied to 2000 distrito population to project to target years.
Administrative Spatial Edits and Notes: