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Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of Summary

Population 2000 (NSO-Based Estimate '000) 22,996   Population 2000 (UN '000) 22,268
Area (km2) 122,440   Avg. Input Resolution (km) 30
Number of Administrative Units 136   Population Per Administrative Unit ('000) 169
Number of Urban Extents 35   Number of Settlement Points 24

Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of Details

Continent Asia
Country Name Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of
Administrative Classifications
Level Used 2.0
Leve1 Type Province
Level2 Type Counties
Number of Units 136
Population Per Unit ('000) (2000, estimate) 169
National Population Estimates
Last Year of Reference 2001
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1990 ('000) 20,618
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1995 ('000) 21,775
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 2000 ('000) 22,996
UN Population, 1990 ('000) 19,956
UN Population, 1995 ('000) 21,373
UN Population, 2000 ('000) 22,268
National Spatial Estimates
Area (km2) 122,440
Average Input Resolution (km) 30
Settlement Points
Number of Settlement Points 24
Largest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 2,354,779
Smallest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 106,767
Mean Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 349,509
Urban Areal Extents
Number of Urban Extents 35
Largest Urban Extent (km2) 417
Smallest Urban Extent (km2) 1
Mean Urban Extent (km2) 68
Total for All Urban Extent (km2) 2,393
Largest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 2,232,025
Smallest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 3,077
Mean Urban Extent (population, 2000) 199,328
Total for All Urban Extent (population, 2000) 6,976,476
% Total Land Area in Urban Extents (km2) 2%
% Total Population in Urban Extents (2000, estimate) 32%
% Total Population that is Urban (2001, UN World Urbanization Prospects) 61%
Urban Areal Extents, by Source
Nighttime Lights Data 40
Regression-estimated Extents 8
Digital Chart of the World 17
Other 0
Administrative Population Source Data:
2001 census data is from the Democratic People''s Republic of Korea (DPRK) Government. 1991 census data from is from the DPRK 1991 Population Census (unpublished, mimeo. data sheet) and Eberstatdt, Nichola and Banister, Judith, The Population of North Korea, Institute of East Asian Studies: Center for Korean Studies, Berkeley, CA, 1992.
Administrative Boundary Source Data:
Province (administrative level 1) boundaries were obtained via UNEP/GRID Tsukuba, Japan, based originally on World Data Bank II. County (administrative level 2) boundaries were obtained via the DPRK Government Data.
Settlement Point Population Source Data:
Census 2001, DPRK Government Data; City Population,;Eberstadt, N. and J. Banister. The Population of North Korea., UC Berkeley and Ctr for Korean Studies. Research Monograph, UN Statistical Library
Settlement Point Coordinate Source Data:
Getty, Map, NIMA
Urban Criteria for Settlements (UN):
Not available.
Administrative Population Edits and Notes:
In 2001, every province (administrative level 1) had some counties (administrative level 2) with missing population data. Units missing population data were merged together per province to form a multi-part polygon. Population values were attributed to these aggregated units as follows: (1) A United Nations population growth rate for 1990?1995, and 1995?2000 was applied to the 1991 province level population (2) The 1991 provinces were extrapolated forward to 2001 (3) The difference between the extrapolated 2001 province populations and the actual 2001 province populations was calculated (4) The difference between the extrapolated and actual 2001 province populations was applied to the missing units. The units that were missing population values are: Chagang Province (Junggang, Jasong, Hwaphyong, Manpo City, Janggang, Sijung, Rangrim, Kanggye City, Songgang, Jonchon, Ryongrim, Huichon City counties); Kaesong Province (Jangphung, Kaesong City, Phanmun counties); Kangwon Province (Munchon City, Wonsan City, Hoiyang, Kosong, Changdo, Kumgang, Phyonggang, Kimhwa, Cholwon, counties); North Hamgyong Province (Hoiryong City, Sonbong S. Zone, Rajin S. Zone, Yonsa, Puyun, Myongchon, Hwadae, Kimchaek City, Hwadae counties); North Hwanghae (Songrim City, Yonthan, Sariwon City, Pongsan, Unpha, Phyongsan, Thosan counties); North Phyongan (Changsong, Taegwan, Chonma, Nyongbyon, Sindo counties); Pyongyang (Unjong county); Ryanggang (Paekam, Kimhyongjik, Kimjongsuk counties); South Hamgyong (Pujon, Hochon, Jangjin, Yodok, Sudong counties); South Hwanghae (Jangyon, Ryongyon, Ongjin, Taehung, Dukjang counties). The population data were extrapolated to the target years of 1990, 1995, and 2000 via the application of a 1991?2001 province growth rate to the 2001counties.
Administrative Spatial Edits and Notes:
Geometrically transformed data in unknown projection to match Digital Chart of the World (DCW) boundaries using 16 control points. The result was an RMS error of 0.035653; the data are not appropriate for detailed or large scale analysis.