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Turkmenistan Summary

Population 2000 (NSO-Based Estimate '000) 4,127   Population 2000 (UN '000) 4,737
Area (km2) 460,254   Avg. Input Resolution (km) 98
Number of Administrative Units 48   Population Per Administrative Unit ('000) 86
Number of Urban Extents 13   Number of Settlement Points 14

Turkmenistan Details

Continent Asia
Country Name Turkmenistan
Administrative Classifications
Level Used 1.0
Leve1 Type Rayon
Number of Units 48
Population Per Unit ('000) (2000, estimate) 86
National Population Estimates
Last Year of Reference 1989
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1990 ('000) 3,196
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 1995 ('000) 3,632
NSO-Based Estimated Population, 2000 ('000) 4,127
UN Population, 1990 ('000) 3,668
UN Population, 1995 ('000) 4,210
UN Population, 2000 ('000) 4,737
National Spatial Estimates
Area (km2) 460,254
Average Input Resolution (km) 98
Settlement Points
Number of Settlement Points 14
Largest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 597,174
Smallest Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 23,354
Mean Settlement, by Population (2000, estimate) 112,634
Urban Areal Extents
Number of Urban Extents 13
Largest Urban Extent (km2) 1,810
Smallest Urban Extent (km2) 41
Mean Urban Extent (km2) 460
Total for All Urban Extent (km2) 5,985
Largest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 898,510
Smallest Urban Extent (population, 2000) 5,590
Mean Urban Extent (population, 2000) 183,061
Total for All Urban Extent (population, 2000) 2,379,795
% Total Land Area in Urban Extents (km2) 1%
% Total Population in Urban Extents (2000, estimate) 46%
% Total Population that is Urban (2001, UN World Urbanization Prospects) 45%
Urban Areal Extents, by Source
Nighttime Lights Data 17
Regression-estimated Extents 2
Digital Chart of the World 0
Other 0
Administrative Population Source Data:
The 1990 population estimate is based on 1989 population from Australian Centre of the Asian Spatial Information and Analysis Network (ACASIAN).
Administrative Boundary Source Data:
Australian Centre of the Asian Spatial Information and Analysis Network (ACASIAN).
Settlement Point Population Source Data:
1998 Statistical Yearbook of Turkmenistan, LehmanLibrary, Columbia University; City Population,;World Gazetteer,
Settlement Point Coordinate Source Data:
ASCities, NIMA, World Gazetteer
Urban Criteria for Settlements (UN):
Cities and urban-type localities, officially designated as such, usually according to criteria based on the number of inhabitants and the predominance of non-agricultural workers and their families.
Administrative Population Edits and Notes:
Population data were extrapolated to target years of 1995 and 2000 using growth rates derived from United Nations national level estimates and projections.
Administrative Spatial Edits and Notes: