CIESIN SEDAC icon NASA logo home page icon
Stratospheric Ozone and Human Health Project

UNEP logo WMO logo
Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion: 1994 Assessment


Ambler, J.E., D.T. Krizek, and P. Semeniuk, Influence of UV-B radiation on early seedling growth and translocation of Zn from cotyledons in cotton, Physiologia Plantarum 34:177-181, 1975.

Ballaré, C.L., P.W. Barnes, and S.D. Flint, Inhibition of hypocotyl elongation by ultraviolet-B radiation in de-etiolating tomato seedlings. I. The photoreceptor, Physiologia Plantarum, in press.

Barnes, P.W., P.W. Jordan, W.G. Gold, S.D. Flint, and M.M. Caldwell, Competition, morphology and canopy structure in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and wild oat (Avena fatua L.) exposed to enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation, Functional Ecology 2:319-330, 1988.

Barnes, P.W., S. Maggard, S.R. Holman, and B. Vergara, Intraspecific variation in sensitivity to UV-B radiation in rice, Crop Science 33: 1041-1046, 1993.

Beggs, C.J. and E. Wellmann, Photocontrol of flavonoid biosynthesis, pp 733-750 in Photomorphogenesis in plants, Vol. 2, R.E. Kendrick and G.H.M. Kronenberg (eds.), Kluver Academic, Dordrecht, 1994.

Beggs, C.J., Stolzer-Jehle A. and E. Wellmann, Isoflavonoid formation as an indicator of UV-B stress in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) leaves. The significance of photorepair in assessing potential damage by increased solar UV-B radiation, Plant Physiology 79:630-634, 1985.

Blaustein, A.R., P.D. Hoffman, D.G. Hokit, J.M. Kiesecker, S.C. Walls, and J.B. Hays, UV repair and resistance to solar UV-B in amphibian eggs: A link to population declines?, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 91:1791-1795, 1994.

Bornman, J.F., Target sites of UV-B radiation in photosynthesis of higher plants, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 4:145-158, 1989.

Bornman, J.F. and A.H. Teramura, Effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on terrestrial plants, pp. 427-471 in Environmental UV-photobiology, A.R., Young, L.O. Björn, J. Moan and W. Nultsch (eds.), Plenum Press, New York, 1993.

Bornman, J.F. and T.C. Vogelmann, Penetration of blue and UV radiation measured by fibre optics in spruce and fir needles, Physiologia Plantarum 72: 699-705, 1988.

Buchholz, G., Ehmann, B. and E. Wellmann, UV-inhibition of phytochrome induced flavonoid biosynthesis and DNA-photolyase formation in mustard cotyledons (Sinapsis alba L.) Plant Physiology (in press).

Caldwell, M.M., Solar ultraviolet radiation as an ecological factor for alpine plants, Ecological Monographs 38:243-268, 1968.

Caldwell, M.M., Solar ultraviolet radiation and the growth and development of higher plants, pp. 131-177 in Photophysiology. Volume 6, A.C., Giese (eds.), Academic Press, New York, 1971.

Caldwell, M.M. and S.D. Flint, Implications of increased solar UV-B for terrestrial vegetation, pp. 495-516 in The role of the stratosphere in global change, M.L., Chanin (eds.), Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1993.

Caldwell, M.M. and S.D. Flint, Solar ultraviolet radiation and ozone layer change: Implications for crop plants, pp. 487-507 (in press) in Physiology and determination of crop yield, K., Boote, J.M. Bennett, T.R. Sinclair and G.M. Paulsen (eds.), ASA-CSSA-SSSA, Madison, WI, 1994a.

Caldwell, M.M. and S.D. Flint, Stratospheric ozone reduction, solar UV-B radiation and terrestrial ecosystems, Climatic Change (in press), 1994b.

Caldwell, M.M., L.B. Camp, C.W. Warner, and S.D. Flint, Action spectra and their key role in assessing biological consequences of solar UV-B radiation change, pp. 87-111 in Stratospheric ozone reduction, solar ultraviolet radiation and plant life, R.C., Worrest and M.M. Caldwell (eds.), Springer, Berlin, 1986.

Caldwell, M.M., A.H. Teramura, and M. Tevini, The changing solar ultraviolet climate and the ecological consequences for higher plants, Trends in Ecology and Evolution 4:363-367, 1989.

Caldwell, M.M., S.D. Flint, and P.S. Searles, Spectral balance and UV-B sensitivity of soybean: a field experiment, Plant, Cell and Environment 17:267-276, 1994.

Cen, Y.P. and J.F. Bornman, The effect of exposure to enhanced UV-B radiation on the penetration of monochromatic and polychromatic UV-B radiation in leaves of Brassica napus, Physiologia Plantarum 87:249-255, 1993.

Crutzen, P.J., SSTs--a threat to the earth's ozone shield, Ambio 1:41-51, 1972.

Dai, Q.J., V.P. Coronel, B.S. Vergara, P.W. Barnes, and A.T. Quintos, Ultraviolet-B Radiation Effects on Growth and Physiology of four Rice Cultivars, Crop Science 32:1269-1274, 1992.

Day, T.A., T.C. Vogelmann and E.H. DeLucia, Are some plant life forms more effective than others in screening out ultraviolet-B radiation? Oecologia 92: 513-519.

Day, T.A., G. Martin and T.C. Vogelmann, Penetration of UV-B radiation in foliage: evidence that the epidermis behaves as a non-uniform filter, Plant Cell Environment 16: 735-741, 1993.

DeLucia, E.H., T.A. Day, and T.C. Vogelmann, Ultraviolet-B radiation and the Rocky Mountain environment: measurement of incident light and penetration into foliage, Current Topics in Plant Biochemistry and Physiology 10:32-48, 1991.

Delucia, E.H., T.A. Day, and T.C. Vogelman, Ultraviolet-B and Visible Light Penetration into Needles of two Species of Subalpine Conifers During Foliar Development, Plant, Cell and Environment 15:921-929, 1992.

Dubé, S.L. and J.F. Bornman, Reponse of spruce seedlings to simultaneous exposure to ultraviolet-B radiation and cadmium, Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 30:761-767, 1992.

Ensminger, P.A., and E. Schäfer, Blue and ultraviolet-B light photoreceptors in parsley cells, Photochemistry and Photobiology 55:437-447.

Flint, S.D. and M.M. Caldwell, Influence of floral optical properties on the ultraviolet radiation environment of pollen, American Journal of Borany 70:1416-1419, 1983.

Flint, S.D. and M.M. Caldwell, Partial inhibition of in vitro pollen germination by simulated solar ultraviolet-B radiation, Ecology 65:792-795, 1984.

Gehrke, C., U. Johanson, T. Callaghan, D. Chadwick, and C.H. Robinson, The impact of enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation on litter quality and decomposition processes in Vaccinium leaves from the Subarctic, Oikos in press.

Green, A.E.S., K.R. Cross, and L.A. Smith, Improved analytic characterization of ultraviolet skylight, Photochemistry and Photobiology 31:59-65, 1980.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC Scientific Assessment, J.T., Houghton, G.J. Jenkins and J.J. Ephraums (eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1992.

Johanson, U., C. Gehrke, L.O. Björn, T.V. Callaghan, and M. Sonnesson, The effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on a subarctic heath system, Ambio (submitted), 1994.

Johnston, H.S., Reduction of stratospheric ozone by nitrogen oxide catalysts from supersonic transport exhaust, Science 173:517-522, 1971.

Krupa, S.V. and R.N. Kickert, The Greenhouse Effect -Impacts of Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) Radiation, Carbon Dioxide (CO2), and Ozone (O-3) on Vegetation, Environmental Pollution 61:263-393, 1989.

Li, J.Y., T.M. Oulee, R. Raba, R.G. Amundson, and R.L. Last, Arabidopsis flavonoid mutants are hypersensitive to UV-B irradiation, The Plant Cell 5:171-179, 1993.

Mark, U., Zur Wirkung erhöhter artifizieller and solarer UV-B-Strahlung in Kombination mit erhöhter Temperatur und Kohlendioxidkonzentration auf das Wachstum und den Gaswechsel von ausgewählten Nutzpflanzen, Karlsr. Beitr. Entw. Ökophysiol. 11:1-220, 1992. (Ph.D. dissertation).

McCloud, E.S. and M.R. Berenbaum, Stratospheric ozone depletion and plant-insect interactions: Effects of UVB radiation on foliage quality of Citrus jambhiri for Trichoplusia ni, Journal of Chemical Ecology 20:525-539, 1994.

McLennan, A.G., The repair of ultraviolet light-induced DNA-damage in plant cells, Mutation Research 181:1-7.

Miller, J.E., F.L. Booker, E.L. Fiscus, A.S. Heagle, W.A. Pursley, S.F. Vozzo, and W.W. Heck, Ultraviolet-B radiation and ozone effects on growth, yield, and photosynthesis of soybean, Journal of Environmental Quality 23:83-91, 1994.

Orth, A.B., A.H. Teramura, and H.D. Sisler, Effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on fungal disease development in Cucumis sativus, American Journal of Botany 77:1188-1192, 1990.

Panagopoulos, I., J.F. Bornman, and L.O. Björn, Response of Sugar Beet Plants to Ultraviolet-B (280-320 nm) Radiation and Cercospora Leaf Spot Disease, Physiologia Plantarum 84:140-145, 1992.

Predieri, S., D.T. Krizek, C.Y. Wang, R.M. Mirecki, and R.H. Zimmerman, Influence of UV-B Radiation on Developmental Changes, Ethylene, CO2 Flux and Polyamines in cv. Doyenne d'Hiver Pear Shoots Grown In vitro, Physiologia Plantarum 87:109-117, 1993.

Quaite, F.E., B.M. Sutherland, and J.C. Sutherland, Action Spectrum for DNA Damage in Alfalfa Lowers Predicted Impact of Ozone Depletion, Nature 358:576-578, 1992a.

Quaite, F.E., B.M. Sutherland, and J.C. Sutherland, Quantitation of pyrimidine dimers in DNA from UV-B-irradiated alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) seedlings, Applied and Theoretical Electrophoresis 2:171-175, 1992b.

Rau, W., H. Hoffmann, A. Huber-Willer, U. Mitzke-Schnabel, and E. Schrott, Die Wirkung von UV-B auf photoregulierte Entwicklungsvorgänge bei Pflanzen, Gesellschaft für Strahlen-und Umweltforschung mbH, München Abschlussbericht, 1988.

Robberecht, R., M.M. Caldwell, and W.D. Billings, Leaf ultraviolet optical properties along a latitudinal gradient in the arctic-alpine life zone, Ecology 61:612-619, 1980.

Ros, J., Zur Wirkung von UV-Strahlung auf das Streckungswachstum von Sonnenblumenkeimlingen (Helianthus annuus L.), Karlsr. Beitr. Entw. Ökophysiol. 8:1-157, 1990 (Ph.D. dissertation).

Ryel, R.J., P.W. Barnes, W. Beyschlag, M.M. Caldwell, and S.D. Flint, Plant competition for light analyzed with a multispecies canopy model. I. Model development and influence of enhanced UV-B conditions on photosynthesis in mixed wheat and wild oat canopies, Oecologia 82:304-310, 1990.

Saile-Mark, M., Zur Beteiligung von Phytohormonen an Wachstum und Blütenbildung verschiedener Bohnenkulturvarietäten (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Abhängigkeit von artifizieller und solarer UV-B-Strahlung, Karlsr. Beitr. Entw. Ökophysiol. 13:1-152, 1993.

Searles, P.S., M.M. Caldwell, and K. Winter, The response of five tropical dicotyledon species to solar ultraviolet-B radiation, American Journal of Botany, in press.

Setlow, R.B., The wavelengths in sunlight effective in producing skin cancer: a theoretical analysis, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 71:3363-3366, 1974.

Stapleton, A.E., and V. Walbot, Flavonoids can protect maize DNA from the induction of ultraviolet radiation damage, Plant Physiology 105:881-889.

Staxén, I. and J.F. Bornman, A morphological and cytological study of Petunia hybrida exposed to UV-B radiation, Physiologia Plantarum 91: 735-740, 1994.

Steinmüller, D., On the effect of ultraviolet radiation (UV-B) on leaf surface structure and on the mode of action of cuticular lipid biosynthesis in some crop plants, Karlsr. Beitr. Entw. Ökophysiol. 6:1-174, 1986.

Sullivan, J.H. and A.H. Teramura, Field study of the interaction between solar ultraviolet-B radiation and drought on photosynthesis and growth in soybean, Plant Physiology 92:141-146, 1990.

Sullivan, J.H. and A.H. Teramura, The effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on loblolly pine. 2. growth of field-grown seedlings, Trees 6:115-120, 1992.

Sullivan, J.H. and A.H. Teramura, The effects of UV-B radiation on loblolly pine. 3. Interaction with CO2 enhancement, Plant, Cell and Environment 17:311-317, 1994.

Teramura, A.H. and N.S. Murali, Intraspecific differences in growth and yield of soybean exposed to ultraviolet-B radiation under greenhouse and field conditions, Environmental and Experimental Botany 26:89-95, 1986.

Teramura, A.H. and J.H. Sullivan, Effects of UV-B radiation on photosynthesis and growth of terrestrial plants. Photosynthesis Research 39:463-473, 1994.

Teramura, A.H., J.H. Sullivan, and J. Lydon, Effects of UV-B radiation on soybean yield and seed quality: A six-year field study, Physiologia Plantarum 80:5-11, 1990a.

Teramura, A.H., J.H. Sullivan, and L.H. Ziska, Interaction of elevated ultraviolet-B radiation and CO2 on productivity and photosynthetic characteristics in wheat, rice, and soybean, Plant Physiology 94:470-475, 1990b.

Teramura, A.H., L.H. Ziska, and A.E. Sztein, Changes in growth and photosynthetic capacity of rice with increased UV-B radiation, Physiologia Plantarum 83:373-380, 1991.

Tevini, M., Effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on terrestrial plants, pp. 125-153 in UV-B radiation and ozone depletion: effects on humans, animals, plants, microorganisms, and materials, M., Tevini (eds.), Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, Florida, 1993.

Tevini, M., UV-B effects on terrestrial plants and aquatic organisms, Progress in Botany 55:174-190 (in press), 1994.

Tevini, M. and W. Iwanzik, Effects of UV-B radiation on growth and development of cucumber seedlings, pp. 271-285 in Stratospheric ozone reduction, solar ultraviolet radiation and plant life, R.C., Worrest and M.M. Caldwell (eds.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986.

Tevini, M. and A.H. Teramura, UV-B effects on terrestrial plants, Photochemistry and Photobiology 50:479-487, 1989.

Tevini, M., U. Mark, and M. Saile, Plant experiments in growth chambers illuminated with natural sunlight, pp. 240-251 in Environmental research with plants in closed chambers. Air pollution research report 26, H.D., Payer, T. Pfirrman and P. Mathy (eds.), Commission of the European Communities, Belgium, 1990.

Tevini, M., J. Braun, and G. Fieser, The protective function of the epidermal layer of rye seedlings against ultraviolet-B radiation, Photochemistry and Photobiology 53:329-333, 1991a.

Tevini, M., U. Mark, and M. Saile-Mark, Effects of enhanced solar UV-B radiation on growth and function of crop plant seedlings, Current Topics in Plant Biochemistry and Physiology 10:13-31, 1991b.

WMO/UNEP Scientific assessment of ozone depletion: 1994, WMO global ozone research and monitoring report no. 37.

Ziska, L.H., A.H. Teramura, and J.H. Sullivan, Physiological sensitivity of plants along an elevational gradient to UV-B radiation, American Journal of Botany 79:863-871, 1992.

[back to Chapter 3]

TOC Table of
HOME Ozone/Health
Home Page