SEDAC Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center
Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion 1998 Assessment


List of Abbreviations

AF amplification factor

AK actinic keratosis

APC antigen presenting cell

BAF biological amplification factor

BCC basal cell carcinoma

CDK climatic droplet keratopathy

CDKN2 cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 2 

CDOM colored (or chromophoric) dissolved organic matter

CFC chlorofluorocarbons

CFC chlorofluorocarbons

CH contact hypersensitivity

CM cutanteous melanoma

DIC dissolved inorganic carbon. 

DMS dimethyl sulfide

DOC dissolved organic carbon

DOM dissolved organic 

DTH delayed type hypersensitivity

DU Dobson unit

EPA Environmental Protection Agency

g DW grams per dry weight

HCFC hydrochlorofluorocarbon

HCFC hydrochlorofluorocarbon

HFC hydrofluorocarbon

HIV human immunodeficiency virus

HPV human papilloma virus

IL Interleukin 

MS multiple sclerosis 

N2O nitrous oxide

NaTFA sodium trifluoro acetate

NMHCs non-methane hydrocarbons

NMSC non-melanoma skin cancer

NO nitric oxide

NOEC no effect concentration

NOx nitrogen oxides

OCS carbonyl sulfide 

PAR photosynthetically active radiation

PEC predicted environmental concentration

PLE polymorphic light eruption

POC particulate organic carbon

PSC posterior subcapsular cataracts 

PUVA psoralen + UVA 

RAF radiation amplification factor

ROS reactive oxygen species

SCC squamous cell carcinoma

SLE systemic lupus erythematosus

TDD trichothiodystrophy

TFA trifluoroacetic acid

TNFa tumor necrosis factor alpha

TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer

UCA urocanic acid

UV-A electromagnetic radiation of wavelengths in the 315 to 390 nm range

UV-B electromagnetic radiation of wavelengths in the 280 to 315 nm range

UV ultraviolet

VOC volatile organic compounds

XP xeroderma pigmentosum

Hintere Umschlagseite:

The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (1985) and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1987) are now recognized as very successful in preventing a global environmental catastrophe, which could have been caused by stratospheric ozone depletion.

Scientific assessment reports have long stimulated the environmental policy process for the protection of the ozone layer. The Montreal Protocol provides for the following scientific assessment process: beginning in 1990, and at least every four years thereafter, the Parties shall assess the control measures provided for in Article 2 and Articles 2A to 2H on the basis of available scientific, environmental, technical and economic information.

This procedure has been followed since then and, in this publication, the Environmental Effects Assessment Panel is presenting herewith the latest of its assessments. This assessment is the product of the joint efforts of scientists from developed and developing countries from all regions of the world.

Readers will find information on the effects of increased ultraviolet radiation (UV-B) on human health, terrestrial ecosystems, aquatic ecosystems, biogeochemical cycles, tropospheric composition and air quality and materials, and a section also entitled "Frequently Asked Questions".

Ozone Secretariat

United Nations Environment Programme
P.O. Box 30552, Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: (254 2) 623850 Fax (254 2) 623913 E-mail:

ISBN: 92-807-1724-3

CIESIN Copyright © 1997 For more information about CIESIN and our activities contact CIESIN User Services. E-mail: Tel.: (914) 365-8988