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Thematic Guide to Integrated Assessment Modeling



Section 4: Selected Projects in Integrated Impact Assessments

Integrated Impact Assessment--an overview of two recent attempts at systematic integration across impact types and sectors to discern aggregate impacts of potential climate change
  • The MINK Study--a detailed, highly disaggregated assessment of the impacts of a changed climate on Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, and Kansas
  • The McKenzie Basin Impacts Study--an integrated regional assessment that focuses on a major watershed, the McKenzie Basin of Northern Canada
Integrated Assessment and Modeling Projects--a summary of more than 20 projects in integrated assessment and modeling of climate change, all of which attempt some level of end-to-end integration
  • Carnegie Mellon University--developers of the Integrated Climate Assessment Model (ICAM) and several related research and assessment projects
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology--developers of a large integrated model, with associated activities
  • Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories--developers of the MiniCAM and PGCAM integrated assessment models and the State of the Art Report (SOAR) on social science and global change
  • IMAGE 1.0--the first model to attempt to integrate the climate issue from end to end, developed at RIVM
  • ESCAPE--an extension of IMAGE 1.0, intended to assess European policies and impacts, developed by the University of East Anglia and Oxford University
  • IMAGE 2.0--the first integrated climate assessment model to represent impacts and land use at fine spatial scale, developed by RIVM
  • TARGETS--a RIVM project designed to study issues surrounding global change and sustainable development
  • The Asian Integrated Model (AIM)--a model developed at the Japanese National Institute for Environmental Studies to study the impacts of mitigation and adaptation scenarios on the Asian-Pacific region
  • Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia--developers of several simplified climate models used in a variety of integrated assessment projects
  • CETA--a simple model, developed by the Electric Power Research Institute, to explore optimal combinations of abatement and adaptation policies
  • MERGE--a dynamic integrated model supported by the Electric Power Research Institute, based on the general equilibrium model Global 2200
  • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory--developers of climate models, now adding economic and impacts components to make an integrated assessment model
  • Environmental Protection Agency--developers of the Atmospheric Stabilization Framework (ASF), used to developed IPCC emissions scenarios, as well as the Policy Evaluation Framework (PEF) and the Adaptation Strategy Evaluator (ASE)
  • Hammitt et al. Model--an integrated model that represents policy choices in the present, under uncertainty, and at a future date, when relevant uncertainty has been resolved
  • The DICE Model--dynamic integrated model of climate change
  • The PAGE Model--a smaller integrated model that allows extensive specification and propagation of uncertainties
  • The CSERGE Model--the Center for Social and Economic Research into the Global Environment Model currently under development at the University College London
  • The CONNECTICUT Model--an integrated model that combines the approach of the DICE model with a probabilistic scenario analysis
  • The CFUND Model--a nine-region dynamic model that permits exploration of policies based on inter-regional financial transfers and damage compensation.
Integrated Assessment Support Systems--tools to facilitate the development and management of models, including Globesight from Systems Applications Inc.; DEMOS from Lumina Decision Systems; Stella and Ithink from High-Performance Systems; WhatIf? from Robbert Associates; and the M system, under development at RIVM

Facilitating Entities--organizations that have made significant contributions to the study of various aspects of global change


The next section is Integrated Impact Assessment.





Parson, E.A. and K. Fisher-Vanden, Searching for Integrated Assessment: A Preliminary Investigation of Methods, Models, and Projects in the Integrated Assessment of Global Climatic Change. Consortium for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN). University Center, Mich. 1995.


Suggested Citation

Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN). 1995. Thematic Guide to Integrated Assessment Modeling of Climate Change [online]. Palisades, NY: CIESIN. Available at [accessed DATE].



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